joeforker joeforker - 4 months ago 19
Linux Question

How can I listen for 'usb device inserted' events in Linux, in Python?

I'd like to write a Python script for Amarok in Linux to automatically copy the stackoverflow podcast to my player. When I plug in the player, it would mount the drive, copy any pending podcasts, and eject the player. How can I listen for the "plugged in" event? I have looked through hald but couldn't find a good example.


Update: As said in comments, Hal is not supported in recent distributions, the standard now is udev, Here is a small example that makes use of glib loop and udev, I keep the Hal version for historical reasons.

This is basically the example in the pyudev documentation, adapted to work with older versions, and with the glib loop, notice that the filter should be customized for your specific needing:

import glib

from pyudev import Context, Monitor

    from pyudev.glib import MonitorObserver

    def device_event(observer, device):
        print 'event {0} on device {1}'.format(device.action, device)
    from pyudev.glib import GUDevMonitorObserver as MonitorObserver

    def device_event(observer, action, device):
        print 'event {0} on device {1}'.format(action, device)

context = Context()
monitor = Monitor.from_netlink(context)

observer = MonitorObserver(monitor)

observer.connect('device-event', device_event)


Old version with Hal and d-bus:

You can use D-Bus bindings and listen to DeviceAdded and DeviceRemoved signals. You will have to check the capabilities of the Added device in order to select the storage devices only.

Here is a small example, you can remove the comments and try it.

import dbus
import gobject

class DeviceAddedListener:
    def __init__(self):

You need to connect to Hal Manager using the System Bus.

        self.bus = dbus.SystemBus()
        self.hal_manager_obj = self.bus.get_object(
        self.hal_manager = dbus.Interface(self.hal_manager_obj,

And you need to connect a listener to the signals you are interested on, in this case DeviceAdded.

        self.hal_manager.connect_to_signal("DeviceAdded", self._filter)

I'm using a filter based on capabilities. It will accept any volume and will call do_something with if, you can read Hal documentation to find the more suitable queries for your needs, or more information about the properties of the Hal devices.

    def _filter(self, udi):
        device_obj = self.bus.get_object ("org.freedesktop.Hal", udi)
        device = dbus.Interface(device_obj, "org.freedesktop.Hal.Device")

        if device.QueryCapability("volume"):
            return self.do_something(device)

Example function that shows some information about the volume:

     def do_something(self, volume):
        device_file = volume.GetProperty("block.device")
        label = volume.GetProperty("volume.label")
        fstype = volume.GetProperty("volume.fstype")
        mounted = volume.GetProperty("volume.is_mounted")
        mount_point = volume.GetProperty("volume.mount_point")
            size = volume.GetProperty("volume.size")
            size = 0

        print "New storage device detectec:"
        print "  device_file: %s" % device_file
        print "  label: %s" % label
        print "  fstype: %s" % fstype
        if mounted:
            print "  mount_point: %s" % mount_point
            print "  not mounted"
        print "  size: %s (%.2fGB)" % (size, float(size) / 1024**3)

if __name__ == '__main__':
    from dbus.mainloop.glib import DBusGMainLoop
    loop = gobject.MainLoop()