bjjrolls bjjrolls - 2 months ago 38
SQL Question

How to use a variable in Openrowset command

I am trying to use a variable filepath in a SQL Openrowset command. I'm aware that it can't explicitly accept a variable and that I need to make use of dynamic SQL.

What currently works -

SELECT @file_stream = CAST(bulkcolumn AS VARBINARY(MAX))
FROM OPENROWSET(BULK 'C:\Temp\print4.pdf', SINGLE_BLOB) AS x


However if I try to use my variable filepath

declare @file_stream VARBINARY(MAX)

declare @filePath NVARCHAR(128)
set @filePath = 'C:\Temp\print4.pdf'

set @command = N'SELECT @file_stream = CAST(bulkcolumn AS varbinary(MAX))
from OPENROWSET(BULK ' + @filePath + ',
SINGLE_BLOB) ROW_SET'

EXEC sp_executesql @command, @filePath, @file_stream;


I get the error 'Msg 137, Level 15, State 2, Line 15
Must declare the scalar variable "@filePath".'

I'm sure this is an issue of syntax but haven't been able to figure out how it should be formatted yet.

Answer

Change your script like below.

DECLARE @file_stream VARBINARY(MAX)
DECLARE @command nvarchar(1000)
DECLARE @filePath NVARCHAR(128)
set @filePath = 'C:\Temp\print4.pdf'

set @command = N'SELECT @file_stream1 = CAST(bulkcolumn AS varbinary(MAX))
                from OPENROWSET(BULK ''' + @filePath + ''',
                SINGLE_BLOB) ROW_SET'

EXEC sp_executesql @command, N'@file_stream1 VARBINARY(MAX) OUTPUT',@file_stream1 =@file_stream OUTPUT

select @file_stream

Sample Output : enter image description here

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