erikb85 erikb85 - 2 months ago 16
Python Question

Python unittests in Jenkins?

How do you get Jenkins to execute python unittest cases?
Is it possible to JUnit style XML output from the builtin

unittest
package?

Answer

sample tests:

tests.py:

# tests.py

import random
try:
    import unittest2 as unittest
except ImportError:
    import unittest

class SimpleTest(unittest.TestCase):
    @unittest.skip("demonstrating skipping")
    def test_skipped(self):
        self.fail("shouldn't happen")

    def test_pass(self):
        self.assertEqual(10, 7 + 3)

    def test_fail(self):
        self.assertEqual(11, 7 + 3)

JUnit with pytest

run the tests with:

py.test --junitxml results.xml tests.py

results.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<testsuite errors="0" failures="1" name="pytest" skips="1" tests="2" time="0.097">
    <testcase classname="tests.SimpleTest" name="test_fail" time="0.000301837921143">
        <failure message="test failure">self = &lt;tests.SimpleTest testMethod=test_fail&gt;

    def test_fail(self):
&gt;       self.assertEqual(11, 7 + 3)
E       AssertionError: 11 != 10

tests.py:16: AssertionError</failure>
    </testcase>
    <testcase classname="tests.SimpleTest" name="test_pass" time="0.000109910964966"/>
    <testcase classname="tests.SimpleTest" name="test_skipped" time="0.000164031982422">
        <skipped message="demonstrating skipping" type="pytest.skip">/home/damien/test-env/lib/python2.6/site-packages/_pytest/unittest.py:119: Skipped: demonstrating skipping</skipped>
    </testcase>
</testsuite>

JUnit with nose

run the tests with:

nosetests --with-xunit

nosetests.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<testsuite name="nosetests" tests="3" errors="0" failures="1" skip="1">
    <testcase classname="tests.SimpleTest" name="test_fail" time="0.000">
        <failure type="exceptions.AssertionError" message="11 != 10">
            <![CDATA[Traceback (most recent call last):
File "/opt/python-2.6.1/lib/python2.6/site-packages/unittest2-0.5.1-py2.6.egg/unittest2/case.py", line 340, in run
testMethod()
File "/home/damien/tests.py", line 16, in test_fail
self.assertEqual(11, 7 + 3)
File "/opt/python-2.6.1/lib/python2.6/site-packages/unittest2-0.5.1-py2.6.egg/unittest2/case.py", line 521, in assertEqual
assertion_func(first, second, msg=msg)
File "/opt/python-2.6.1/lib/python2.6/site-packages/unittest2-0.5.1-py2.6.egg/unittest2/case.py", line 514, in _baseAssertEqual
raise self.failureException(msg)
AssertionError: 11 != 10
]]>
        </failure>
    </testcase>
    <testcase classname="tests.SimpleTest" name="test_pass" time="0.000"></testcase>
    <testcase classname="tests.SimpleTest" name="test_skipped" time="0.000">
        <skipped type="nose.plugins.skip.SkipTest" message="demonstrating skipping">
            <![CDATA[SkipTest: demonstrating skipping
]]>
        </skipped>
    </testcase>
</testsuite>

JUnit with nose2

You would need to use the nose2.plugins.junitxml plugin. You can configure nose2 with a config file like you would normally do, or with the --plugin command-line option.

run the tests with:

nose2 --plugin nose2.plugins.junitxml --junit-xml tests

nose2-junit.xml:

<testsuite errors="0" failures="1" name="nose2-junit" skips="1" tests="3" time="0.001">
  <testcase classname="tests.SimpleTest" name="test_fail" time="0.000126">
    <failure message="test failure">Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/Users/damien/Work/test2/tests.py", line 18, in test_fail
    self.assertEqual(11, 7 + 3)
AssertionError: 11 != 10
</failure>
  </testcase>
  <testcase classname="tests.SimpleTest" name="test_pass" time="0.000095" />
  <testcase classname="tests.SimpleTest" name="test_skipped" time="0.000058">
    <skipped />
  </testcase>
</testsuite>

JUnit with unittest-xml-reporting

Append the following to tests.py

if __name__ == '__main__':
    import xmlrunner
    unittest.main(testRunner=xmlrunner.XMLTestRunner(output='test-reports'))

run the tests with:

python tests.py

test-reports/TEST-SimpleTest-20131001140629.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" ?>
<testsuite errors="1" failures="0" name="SimpleTest-20131001140629" tests="3" time="0.000">
    <testcase classname="SimpleTest" name="test_pass" time="0.000"/>
    <testcase classname="SimpleTest" name="test_fail" time="0.000">
        <error message="11 != 10" type="AssertionError">
<![CDATA[Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "tests.py", line 16, in test_fail
    self.assertEqual(11, 7 + 3)
AssertionError: 11 != 10
]]>     </error>
    </testcase>
    <testcase classname="SimpleTest" name="test_skipped" time="0.000">
        <skipped message="demonstrating skipping" type="skip"/>
    </testcase>
    <system-out>
<![CDATA[]]>    </system-out>
    <system-err>
<![CDATA[]]>    </system-err>
</testsuite>