IAmYourFaja IAmYourFaja - 9 months ago 125
Groovy Question

How to Groovy-ify a null check?

Is there a more "Groovy" way to write this Groovy code:

def myVar=(System.getProperty("props") == null)?
null : System.getProperty("props")

Logic is:

  • If
    is NULL, I want
    to be NULL;

  • Else, I want
    to be the value of

Answer Source

Typically for null-checking I reach for ?: (elvis operator, returns a default value if the left-hand side is null or resolves to false) or ?. (safe navigation, evaluates to null if left-hand side is null). If you want to set a default value to use when a property is not present you can do this:

def myVar = System.properties['props'] ?: 'mydefaultvalue'

which sets myVar to 'mydefaultvalue' if there is nothing found in System.properties for the key 'props' (or if the value returned resolves to false). But since the default value in your case is null then

def myVar = System.properties['props']

would do the job as well, because when nothing is found for the given key then null is returned.

The Groovy-ifications here are:

  • prefer single-quoted strings to double-quoted ones if you don't need GroovyString interpolation

  • use indexing-with-brackets syntax for maps and lists (instead of 'get' or 'put')

  • use the shortened property form (without the get prefix) if the getter has no arguments (unlike Java, Groovy implements the universal access principle); System.getProperty(String) is a convenience for Java programmers but it's unneeded in Groovy

  • shorten default-if-null cases with ?:

This idiom found in Ruby and JavaScript) using || :

def myVar = System.properties['props'] || 'mydefaultvalue'

doesn't work, because the result of a boolean test is a boolean, so myVar gets set to true.