ck1221 ck1221 - 10 days ago 5
Android Question

Android BluetoothGatt - status 133 - register callback

First of all I read SOLVED: GATT callback fails to register and took the steps suggested in that post to solve this issue with no success. The recommended fix in there if you haven't read it is to make all BLE calls from the main thread directly or with a handler.

I am working on a BLE app want to run a service (called from activity once every 10 seconds) that performs these tasks:

1)Gets list of our products available to connect to (done, works)

2)For each available device:

2a)connect to device
2b)discover services
2c)read 5 characteristics in this fashion:
2c1)read characteristic
2c2)onCharacteristicRead parse data
2c3)when finished with data read next characteristic
2c4)repeat until all are read (this is done using a state var and switch statement)
2d)disconnect from device
2e)connect to next device
2f)repeat until all devices are read from
2g)stopSelf()


So the issue... Everything works great for a little bit. I can perform the entire service start {startService(...); in mainActivity} to finish {stopSelf(); in Service} 6 times.

On the 7th time I get BluetoothGatt Failed to register callback. I'm not sure why I can run it 6 times successfully and then fail on the 7th time.

Keep in mind I am making all BLE calls from the main thread, and that has been confirmed in the log cat from multiple locations.

Here is an outline of my code:

SERVICE.JAVA

private Handler handler = new Handler();
private BluetoothGatt cGatt = null;
private int unitIndex = 0; // keep track of currently connected unit
private int state = 0; //used to keep track of which characteristic to read next

public int onStartCommand(Intent intent, int flags, int startId)
{
Log.i(TAG, "Service Started...");
//get ArrayList of units

if(units.size > 0)
handler.post(connectNextRunnable); //calls connectNextDevice()
else
stopSelf();
}

private Runnable discoverServices = new Runnable()
{
public void run()
{
cGatt.discoverServices();
}
}

private Runnable readNextValue = new Runnable()
{
public void run()
{
BluetoothGattCharacteristic c = null;
switch(state)
{
//set c to appropriate characteristic
default: // all characteristics read
unitIndex++;
handler.post(connectNextRunnable)
return
}

cGatt.readCharacteristic(c);
}
}

private void connectNextDevice()
{
if(unitIndex == 0)
store System.nanoTime in variable

if(unitIndex >= units.size) //finished will all units
stopSelf();

if(unitIndex < units.size)
cGatt.disconnect //if null
cGatt.connectGatt(this, false, gattCallback)
}

private BluetoothGattCallback gattCallback = new BluetoothGattCallback()
{
public void onConnectionStateChange()
{
handler.post(discoverServices);
}

public void onServicesDeiscovered()
{
handler.post(readNextValue);
}

public void onCharacteristicRead()
{
ParseData();
}

private void ParseData()
{
//do stuff with data
handler.post(readNextValue);
}
}


So, like I have said, all BLE stuff is called from the main thread through a handler. The service successfully runs 6 times from start to finish. On the 7th time I get that dumb failed to register callback.

I can provide more logcat information if you think it is relevant. I did not in the original post because I am output a lot of information to it to verify data received etc..

The information below is the logcat information for the 7th run of my service from start to finish.

08-15 12:00:10.746: I/PMIQ BTS(32027): Service Started...
08-15 12:00:10.746: I/PMIQ BTS(32027): Units: 1
08-15 12:00:10.746: D/AbsListView(32027): unregisterIRListener() is called
08-15 12:00:10.766: I/PMIQ BTS(32027): Connecting to next device...
08-15 12:00:10.766: I/PMIQ BTS(32027): Unit index = 0
08-15 12:00:10.766: I/PMIQ BTS(32027): Connecting to pmIQ-IQ130_D93A
08-15 12:00:10.766: I/System.out(32027): main
08-15 12:00:10.766: D/BluetoothGatt(32027): connect() - device: 00:1E:C0:19:D9:3A, auto: false
08-15 12:00:10.766: D/BluetoothGatt(32027): registerApp()
08-15 12:00:10.766: D/BluetoothGatt(32027): registerApp() - UUID=e9d10870-4b09-451c-a9fa-c6b5f3594a77
08-15 12:00:10.766: I/BluetoothGatt(32027): Client registered, waiting for callback
08-15 12:00:10.766: D/BluetoothGatt(32027): onClientRegistered() - status=133 clientIf=0
08-15 12:00:10.766: I/PMIQ BTS(32027): CONECTION STATE CHANGED...Binder_2
**08-15 12:00:10.766: E/BluetoothGatt(32027): Failed to register callback**
08-15 12:00:10.766: I/PMIQ BTS(32027): Could not connect to null ... 257
08-15 12:00:10.766: I/PMIQ BTS(32027): Connecting to next device...
08-15 12:00:10.766: I/PMIQ BTS(32027): Unit index = 1
08-15 12:00:10.766: I/PMIQ BTS(32027): ******************************
08-15 12:00:10.766: I/PMIQ BTS(32027): Start Time: 4360642409647
08-15 12:00:10.766: I/PMIQ BTS(32027): End Time: 4360648970925
08-15 12:00:10.766: I/PMIQ BTS(32027): Difference: 6561278
08-15 12:00:10.766: I/PMIQ BTS(32027): Time to complete: 6
08-15 12:00:10.766: I/PMIQ BTS(32027): ******************************
08-15 12:00:10.876: I/PMIQ BTS(32027): ...Service Destroyed


If you have made it here, thanks! I could not find ANY information on what status=133 means?! It only happens when the callback fails. Every other time it is status=0.

08-15 12:00:10.766: D/BluetoothGatt(32027): onClientRegistered() - status=133 clientIf=0


If anyone could even answer this.. it may help me greatly. Or if anyone can tell me why it only runs 6 times. Any insight or hunch could be helpful!

Thanks everyone!

Answer

Alright I have figured it out. The issue was mainly an oversight of when I was reading through the BluetoothGatt documentation. I was calling .disconnect(), but not .close(). Since the Galaxy s4 can only handle 6 connections at a time, my service was only running 6 times. Adding the .close() to my code allowed it to properly shut down the connection and freed up those used connections.

Source that made me re-read the docs more carefully!

So remember to use .close() on your BluetoothGatt object if you have a recurring connection to the same device(s)!!