AC Voltage AC Voltage - 3 months ago 10
Linux Question

I get syntax error when i call script from c++ program

I'm trying to write a program that will allow easier management of Arduino projects. So I wrote bash script that creates all the necessary folders and files for me and when I execute it I runs like champ. Because I want to change directory in the working terminal inside the script I run script like this

. ./initialize.sh


This is also working great, but because I am writing C++ program, sourcing this script from program is giving me headache.

So inside a program I run this script like this:

system(". /usr/lib/avrduino/script/initialize.sh");


and then when I run the program I get this error:


sh: 25: /usr/lib/avrduino/script/initialize.sh: Syntax error: "(" unexpected (expecting "}")


Running the script from the program like this:

system("/usr/lib/avrduino/script/initialize.sh");


works without error but it runs in subshell.

Syntax error points to this line in script

options=("uno" "mega" "mega2560" "atmega8" "atmega168" "atmega328" "pro" "pro5v" "pro328" "pro5v328")


How come that when I run this script outside of the program it's working like champ, but run this script from program and you have a problem ?

EDIT:
Script code

#!/bin/bash

BLACK='\033[0;30m'
RED='\033[0;31m'
GREEN='\033[0;32m'
BROWN='\033[0;33m'
BLUE='\033[0;34m'
PURPLE='\033[0;35m'
CYAN='\033[0;36m'
LGRAY='\033[0;37m'
DGRAY='\033[1;30m'
LRED='\033[1;31m'
LGREEN='\033[1;32m'
YELLOW='\033[1;33m'
LBLUE='\033[1;34m'
LPURPLE='\033[1;35m'
LCYAN='\033[1;36m'
WHITE='\033[1;37m'
NC='\033[0m'

makefile()
{
BOARD="default"
PS3='Chose your board: '
options=("uno" "mega" "mega2560" "atmega8" "atmega168" "atmega328" "pro" "pro5v" "pro328" "pro5v328")
select opt in "${options[@]}"
do case $opt in
"uno") BOARD="uno"
cp -r /usr/lib/avrduino/data/boards_info/uno/board-info.h .
MCU="atmega328P"
F_CPU="16000000UL"
;;
"mega") BOARD="mega"
cp -r /usr/lib/avrduino/data/boards_info/mega/board-info.h .
F_CPU="16000000UL"
;;
"mega2560") BOARD="mega2560"
cp -r /usr/lib/avrduino/data/boards_info/mega2560/board-info.h .
F_CPU="16000000UL"
;;
"atmega8") BOARD="atmega8"
cp -r /usr/lib/avrduino/data/boards_info/atmega8/board_-nfo.h .
MCU="atmega8"
F_CPU="16000000UL"
;;
"atmega168") BOARD="atmega168"
cp -r /usr/lib/avrduino/data/boards_info/atmega168/board-info.h .
MCU="atmega168"
F_CPU="16000000UL"
;;
"atmega328") BOARD="atmega328"
cp -r /usr/lib/avrduino/data/boards_info/atmega328/board-info.h .
MCU="atmega328P"
F_CPU="16000000UL"
;;
"pro") BOARD="pro"
cp -r /usr/lib/avrduino/data/boards_info/pro/board-info.h .
MCU="unknow"
F_CPU="16000000UL"
;;
"pro5v") BOARD="pro5v"
cp -r /usr/lib/avrduino/data/boards_info/pro5v/board-info.h .
MCU="unknown"
F_CPU="16000000UL"
;;

"pro328") BOARD="pro328"
cp -r /usr/lib/avrduino/data/boards_info/pro328/board-info.h .
MCU="atmega328P"
F_CPU="16000000UL"
;;
"pro5v328") BOARD= "pro5v328"
cp -r /usr/lib/avrduino/data/boards_info/pro5v328/board-info.h .
MCU="atmega328P"
F_CPU="16000000UL"
;;
*)
echo "Error : Input is not valid"
echo "Exiting..."
return 1
;;
esac
break
done
[ -e Makefile ] && rm Makefile
read -p "Do you want to configure your Makefile settings [Y/n]: " CONFIGURE
if { [ "$CONFIGURE" == "Y" ] || [ "$CONFIGURE" == "y" ]; }; then
read -p "Enter your MCU: " MCU
read -p "Enter F_CPU: " F_CPU
fi
read -p "Enter ARDUINO_PORT: " ARDUINO_PORT
echo "ARDUINO_DIR = /usr/share/arduino">>Makefile
echo "BOARD_TAG = $BOARD">>Makefile
echo "ARDUINO_PORT = $ARDUINO_PORT">>Makefile
echo "NO_CORE = 1">>Makefile
echo "AVRDUDE_ARD_PROGRAMMER = arduino">>Makefile
echo "HEX_MAXIMUM_SIZE = 30720">>Makefile
echo "AVRDUDE_ARD_BAUDRATE = 115200">>Makefile
echo "#ISP_LOW_FUSE = 0xFF">>Makefile
echo "#ISP_HIGH_FUSE = 0xDA">>Makefile
echo "#ISP_EXT_FUSE = 0x05">>Makefile
echo "#ISP_LOCK_FUSE_PRE = 0x3F">>Makefile
echo "#ISP_LOCK_FUSE_POST = 0x0F">>Makefile
echo "MCU = $MCU">>Makefile
echo "F_CPU = $F_CPU">>Makefile
echo "VARIANT = standard">>Makefile
echo "ARDUINO_LIBS =">>Makefile
echo "include /usr/share/arduino/Arduino.mk">>Makefile
echo "$BOARD|$MCU|" >> .avrduino.txt

clear
echo -e "${LGREEN}Makefile settings${NC}"
echo -e "${LBLUE}ARDUINO_DIR = ${LRED}/usr/share/arduino ${NC}"
echo -e "${LBLUE}BOARD_TAG = ${LRED}$BOARD${NC}"
echo -e "${LBLUE}ARDUINO_PORT = ${LRED}$ARDUINO_PORT${NC}"
echo -e "${LBLUE}NO_CORE = ${LRED}1${NC}"
echo -e "${LBLUE}AVRDUDE_ARD_PROGRAMMER = ${LRED}arduino${NC}"
echo -e "${LBLUE}HEX_MAXIMUM_SIZE = ${LRED}30720${NC}"
echo -e "${LBLUE}AVRDUDE_ARD_BAUDRATE = ${LRED}115200${NC}"
echo -e "${DGRAY}#ISP_LOW_FUSE = ${RED}0xFF${NC}"
echo -e "${DGRAY}#ISP_HIGH_FUSE = ${RED}0xDA${NC}"
echo -e "${DGRAY}#ISP_EXT_FUSE = ${RED}0x05${NC}"
echo -e "${DGRAY}#ISP_LOCK_FUSE_PRE = ${RED}0x3F${NC}"
echo -e "${DGRAY}#ISP_LOCK_FUSE_POST = ${RED}0x0F${NC}"
echo -e "${LBLUE}MCU = ${LRED}$MCU${NC}"
echo -e "${LBLUE}F_CPU = ${LRED}$F_CPU${NC}"
echo -e "${LBLUE}VARIANT = ${LRED}standard${NC}"
echo -e "${LBLUE}ARDUINO_LIBS =${NC}"

}

initializeProject()
{
read -p "Project name: " PROJECT_NAME
if [ ! -e PROJECT_NAME ]; then
mkdir $PROJECT_NAME
cd $PROJECT_NAME
makefile #Call function that makes makefile
cp -r /usr/lib/avrduino/data/include/ .
echo -e "${LGREEN}Project created successfully ${NC}"
else
echo "AVRduino: Project with name [ $PROJECT_NAME ] already exists. "
echo "AVRduino: Stop project wizard and exit."
fi
}

clear
initializeProject

Answer

. doesn't execute the script as a process, it only loads it into your current shell process.

In that context, your "shebang" line, #!/bin/bash, is just a comment.
(You can put #! doodle poodle noodle there and it will run just as well.)

When you use system, it executes in /bin/sh, and thus your bash script has syntax errors.

One way to execute scripts is to make them executable:

chmod +x /usr/lib/avrduino/script/initialize.sh

and then you can just pass it directly to system:

system("/usr/lib/avrduino/script/initialize.sh");

Or, you could explictly execute it in bash:

system("/bin/bash /usr/lib/avrduino/script/initialize.sh");
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