Antoine Antoine - 1 year ago 197
Javascript Question

Can't find variable - PhantomJS

I post here after many hours of fruitless searching. PhantomJS does not allow me to use a variable as in the code below, with the error message when running my script "Can not find variable".

Do you have any idea where can be my problem?, function (status) {

if (status == 'success') {

page.includeJs("", function() {

elem = page.evaluate(function () {

/* Select one element with jQuery */
myElem = $('body');
return myElem;


var elemHtml = page.evaluate(function() { return $(elem).html(); });





Thanks =)

Answer Source

There is an important piece of information in the Quick Start tutorial (in its Code Evaluation section):

To evaluate JavaScript or CoffeeScript code in the context of the web page, use evaluate() function. The execution is "sandboxed", there is no way for the code to access any JavaScript objects and variables outside its own page context. An object can be returned from evaluate(), however it is limited to simple objects and can't contain functions or closures.

The problem with your code is thus twofold:

  1. Variable elem is initialized outside the web page context, it's not reachable from the second evaluate.
  2. You return a non-simple object, i.e. a DOM element.

This is an easy problem to solve, mainly by properly designing the code to fit the actual "jailed" execution model. Please carefully read all relevant documentation and explore tons of included examples.

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