abinash shrestha abinash shrestha - 7 months ago 17
Bash Question

Writing outputs to log file and console

In Unix shell, I have a env file (env file defines the parameters required for running the user script like log file name and path, redirect outputs and errors to log file, database connection details, etc) which redirects all the outputs (echo messages) and errors to the log file from the executed script using the following code:

exec 1>>${LOG_FILE}
exec 2>>${LOG_FILE}


The env file is executed at the beginning of each script. Due to the above code in env file all the console outputs that might be user outputs or errors are directly output to the log file which is what I actually needed.

But there are some selective user outputs which I want to be displayed in both the console and the log file. But because of the above code I am not able to do so.

I know that if I remove the above code I can get the desired result for this case, but I will have to manually write all other outputs to the log file which is not an easy task.

Is there a way to get the output in both the console and the log file without removing the above codes?

Answer
exec 3>&1 1>>${LOG_FILE} 2>&1

would send stdout and stderr output into the log file, but would also leave you with fd 3 connected to the console, so you can do

echo "Some console message" 1>&3

to write a message just to the console, or

echo "Some console and log file message" | tee /dev/fd/3

to write a message to both the console and the log file - tee sends its output to both its own fd 1 (which here is the LOG_FILE) and the file you told it to write to (which here is fd 3, i.e. the console).

Example:

exec 3>&1 1>>${LOG_FILE} 2>&1

echo "This is stdout"
echo "This is stderr" 1>&2
echo "This is the console (fd 3)" 1>&3
echo "This is both the log and the console" | tee /dev/fd/3

would print

This is the console (fd 3)
This is both the log and the console

on the console and put

This is stdout
This is stderr
This is both the log and the console

into the log file.