Kraken - 1 year ago 164
C Question

# Initializing entire 2D array with one value

With the following declaration

``````int array[ROW][COLUMN]={0};
``````

I get the array with all zeroes but with the following one

``````int array[ROW][COLUMN]={1};
``````

I donâ€™t get the array with all one value. The default value is still 0.

Why this behavior and how can I initialize with all 1?

EDIT: I have just understood that using
`memset`
with value as 1, will set each byte as 1 and hence the actual value of each array cell wont be 1 but
`16843009`
. How do I set it to 1?

You get this behavior, because `int array [ROW][COLUMN] = {1};` does not mean "set all items to one". Let me try to explain how this works step by step.

The explicit, overly clear way of initializing your array would be like this:

``````#define ROW 2
#define COLUMN 2

int array [ROW][COLUMN] =
{
{0, 0},
{0, 0}
};
``````

However, C allows you to leave out some of the items in an array (or struct/union). You could for example write:

``````int array [ROW][COLUMN] =
{
{1, 2}
};
``````

This means, initialize the first elements to 1 and 2, and the rest of the elements "as if they had static storage duration". There is a rule in C saying that all objects of static storage duration, that are not explicitly initialized by the programmer, must be set to zero.

So in the above example, the first row gets set to 1,2 and the next to 0,0 since we didn't give them any explicit values.

Next, there is a rule in C allowing lax brace style. The first example could as well be written as

``````int array [ROW][COLUMN] = {0, 0, 0, 0};
``````

although of course this is poor style, it is harder to read and understand. But this rule is convenient, because it allows us to write

``````int array [ROW][COLUMN] = {0};
``````

which means: "initialize the very first column in the first row to 0, and all other items as if they had static storage duration, ie set them to zero."

therefore, if you attempt

``````int array [ROW][COLUMN] = {1};
``````

it means "initialize the very first column in the first row to 1 and set all other items to zero".

Recommended from our users: Dynamic Network Monitoring from WhatsUp Gold from IPSwitch. Free Download