joel goldstick joel goldstick - 11 days ago 5
Python Question

Not finding static files django 1.9 gunicorn

I am on my way to deployment but when I switched to gunicorn from dev server my static files aren't being found. I ran collectstatic, and the files have been collected.

note in my settings file I print the path to my static files. This is from my gunicorn log:

/home/jcg/code/python/venvs/baseball/baseball_stats/collect_static
Not Found: /static/admin/css/base.css
Not Found: /static/admin/css/dashboard.css


Here is my settings file. I have updated correctly (I hope) settings from the original django 1.6 version.

"""
Django settings for baseball_stats project.

For more information on this file, see
https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.6/topics/settings/

For the full list of settings and their values, see
https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.6/ref/settings/
"""

# Build paths inside the project like this: os.path.join(BASE_DIR, ...)
import os

# this for reading environment variables for private values (secret_key, etc)
# copy this to .bashrc or if using virtualvenvwrapper to bin/postactivate script
# EXPORT VARIABLE=thevaluegoeshere
import get_env_variable

BASE_DIR = os.path.dirname(os.path.dirname(__file__))

# Most recent year for statistics
MOST_RECENT = 2013

# Quick-start development settings - unsuitable for production
# See https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.6/howto/deployment/checklist/

# SECURITY WARNING: keep the secret key used in production secret!
SECRET_KEY = '-s*2+cq_niwa&*b%9(0w6$w!*9%d98oe7r6=+m0v+8(^&!10b6'
SECRET_KEY = get_env_variable.get_env_variable('SECRET_KEY')

# SECURITY WARNING: don't run with debug turned on in production!
DEBUG = True

TEMPLATE_DEBUG = True

ALLOWED_HOSTS = []


# Application definition

INSTALLED_APPS = (
'django.contrib.admin',
'django.contrib.auth',
'django.contrib.contenttypes',
'django.contrib.sessions',
'django.contrib.messages',
'django.contrib.staticfiles',
'baseball',
'django.contrib.humanize',
'bootstrap3',
# 'debug_toolbar',
'django_extensions',
# 'csvimport',
)

MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES = (
'django.contrib.sessions.middleware.SessionMiddleware',
'django.middleware.common.CommonMiddleware',
'django.middleware.csrf.CsrfViewMiddleware',
'django.contrib.auth.middleware.AuthenticationMiddleware',
'django.contrib.messages.middleware.MessageMiddleware',
'django.middleware.clickjacking.XFrameOptionsMiddleware',
)

ROOT_URLCONF = 'baseball_stats.urls'

WSGI_APPLICATION = 'baseball_stats.wsgi.application'


# Database
# https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.6/ref/settings/#databases

AUTH_PASSWORD_VALIDATORS = [
{
'NAME': 'django.contrib.auth.password_validation.UserAttributeSimilarityValidator',
},
{
'NAME': 'django.contrib.auth.password_validation.MinimumLengthValidator',
},
{
'NAME': 'django.contrib.auth.password_validation.CommonPasswordValidator',
},
{
'NAME': 'django.contrib.auth.password_validation.NumericPasswordValidator',
},
]

DATABASES = {
'default': {
'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.sqlite3',
'NAME': os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'db.sqlite3'),
}
}

# Internationalization
# https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.6/topics/i18n/

LANGUAGE_CODE = 'en-us'

TIME_ZONE = 'America/New_York'

USE_I18N = True

USE_L10N = True

USE_TZ = True


# Static files (CSS, JavaScript, Images)
# https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.6/howto/static-files/

STATIC_URL = '/static/'
STATIC_ROOT = os.path.join(BASE_DIR, "collect_static")
print STATIC_ROOT

TEMPLATES = [
{
'BACKEND': 'django.template.backends.django.DjangoTemplates',
'DIRS': [],
'APP_DIRS': True,
'OPTIONS': {
'context_processors': [
'django.template.context_processors.debug',
'django.template.context_processors.request',
'django.contrib.auth.context_processors.auth',
'django.contrib.messages.context_processors.messages',
],
},
},
]
"""
LOGGING = {
'version': 1,
'handlers': {
'console': {
'level': 'DEBUG',
'class': 'logging.StreamHandler',
},
},
'loggers': {
'django.db.backends': {
'level': 'DEBUG',
'handlers': ['console'],
},
}
}
"""


I looked at this: Django Gunicorn not load static files

But my understanding is gunicorn can do static files, it just isn't as efficient as using nginx. I thought I would do this as a first step before setting up nginx

Running ./manage.py findstatic doesn't find my files, so, I am guessing its my settings file, not the server

Answer

Third party app

All You need is dj-static package.

pip install dj-static

Configure your static assets in settings.py:

STATIC_ROOT = 'staticfiles'
STATIC_URL = '/static/'

Then, update your wsgi.py file to use dj-static:

from django.core.wsgi import get_wsgi_application
from dj_static import Cling

application = Cling(get_wsgi_application())

Pure Django

Add to Your urls.py

from django.contrib.staticfiles.urls import staticfiles_urlpatterns

...

urlpatterns += staticfiles_urlpatterns()
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