nKn nKn - 5 months ago 22
Java Question

error:0D0680A8:asn1 encoding routines:ASN1_CHECK_TLEN:wrong tag when importing RSA public key

I've generated a RSA pair of keys (public and private). Now for testing purposes I'm trying to import the public key in

String
representation into a
PublicKey
to use it within an Android project, in order to send crypted messages in RSA to a remote server which will afterwards decrypt them using the private key.

public static String encryptDataRSA(final String data) throws IOException {
final byte[] dataToEncrypt = data.getBytes();
byte[] encryptedData = null;

try {
final String keyStr = "-----BEGIN PUBLIC KEY-----\n" +
"MIGfMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBAQUAA4GNADCBiQKBgQDdQudusozLmogBfU2LCO+WcM59\n" +
"ycup9SxMsBNCku23PxrPMO6u//QjtWPz7istE9vkQfa6tQn1Or+SDxeHLMxEesF0\n" +
"xiBEgFUhg7vjOF2SnFQQEADgUyizUIBBn1UgKNA8eP24Ux0P0M2aHMn78HIHsRcu\n" +
"pNGUNW7p51HOVoIPJQIDAQAB\n" +
"-----END PUBLIC KEY-----";

PublicKey publicKey = KeyFactory.getInstance("RSA").generatePublic(new X509EncodedKeySpec(keyStr.getBytes()));

final Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("RSA");
cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, publicKey);
encryptedData = cipher.doFinal(dataToEncrypt);

try {
final String encryptedText = new String(Base64.encode(encryptedData, Base64.DEFAULT), "UTF-8");
return encryptedText.toString();
}
catch (final UnsupportedEncodingException e1) { return null; }
} catch (Exception e) { e.printStackTrace(); }

return "ERROR";
}


The problem is that this is returning the following exception:

03-19 21:14:31.449: W/System.err(2713): java.security.spec.InvalidKeySpecException: java.lang.RuntimeException: error:0D0680A8:asn1 encoding routines:ASN1_CHECK_TLEN:wrong tag
03-19 21:14:31.480: W/System.err(2713): at org.apache.harmony.xnet.provider.jsse.OpenSSLKey.getPublicKey(OpenSSLKey.java:89)
03-19 21:14:31.480: W/System.err(2713): at org.apache.harmony.xnet.provider.jsse.OpenSSLRSAKeyFactory.engineGeneratePublic(OpenSSLRSAKeyFactory.java:47)
03-19 21:14:31.489: W/System.err(2713): at java.security.KeyFactory.generatePublic(KeyFactory.java:171)
03-19 21:14:31.489: W/System.err(2713): at com.mydomain.myproject.SecurityTools.encryptDataRSA(SecurityTools.java:85)
03-19 21:14:31.501: W/System.err(2713): at com.mydomain.myproject.MainActivity.onCreate(MainActivity.java:93)
03-19 21:14:31.501: W/System.err(2713): at android.app.Activity.performCreate(Activity.java:5133)
03-19 21:14:31.509: W/System.err(2713): at android.app.Instrumentation.callActivityOnCreate(Instrumentation.java:1087)
03-19 21:14:31.521: W/System.err(2713): at android.app.ActivityThread.performLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2175)
03-19 21:14:31.521: W/System.err(2713): at android.app.ActivityThread.handleLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2261)
03-19 21:14:31.529: W/System.err(2713): at android.app.ActivityThread.access$600(ActivityThread.java:141)
03-19 21:14:31.529: W/System.err(2713): at android.app.ActivityThread$H.handleMessage(ActivityThread.java:1256)
03-19 21:14:31.541: W/System.err(2713): at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:99)
03-19 21:14:31.541: W/System.err(2713): at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:137)
03-19 21:14:31.561: W/System.err(2713): at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:5103)
03-19 21:14:31.571: W/System.err(2713): at java.lang.reflect.Method.invokeNative(Native Method)
03-19 21:14:31.581: W/System.err(2713): at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:525)
03-19 21:14:31.592: W/System.err(2713): at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(ZygoteInit.java:737)
03-19 21:14:31.601: W/System.err(2713): at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:553)
03-19 21:14:31.609: W/System.err(2713): at dalvik.system.NativeStart.main(Native Method)
03-19 21:14:31.621: W/System.err(2713): Caused by: java.lang.RuntimeException: error:0D0680A8:asn1 encoding routines:ASN1_CHECK_TLEN:wrong tag
03-19 21:14:31.649: W/System.err(2713): at org.apache.harmony.xnet.provider.jsse.NativeCrypto.d2i_PUBKEY(Native Method)
03-19 21:14:31.649: W/System.err(2713): at org.apache.harmony.xnet.provider.jsse.OpenSSLKey.getPublicKey(OpenSSLKey.java:87)
03-19 21:14:31.663: W/System.err(2713): ... 18 more


The exception points to this line:
cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, publicKey);


Why is this returning this exception and how to solve it? Thanks.

Answer

X509EncodedKeySpec expects DER-encoded data, not PEM-encoded. Your code will work fine if you simply discard the "BEGIN" and "END" and base64-decode the public keys contents.

final String key2 = "MIGfMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBAQUAA4GNADCBiQKBgQDdQudusozLmogBfU2LCO+WcM59"
    + "ycup9SxMsBNCku23PxrPMO6u//QjtWPz7istE9vkQfa6tQn1Or+SDxeHLMxEesF0"
    + "xiBEgFUhg7vjOF2SnFQQEADgUyizUIBBn1UgKNA8eP24Ux0P0M2aHMn78HIHsRcu"
    + "pNGUNW7p51HOVoIPJQIDAQAB";

PublicKey publicKey = KeyFactory.getInstance("RSA").generatePublic(
    new X509EncodedKeySpec(DatatypeConverter.parseBase64Binary(key2)));