dixkin dixkin - 3 months ago 22
CSS Question

CSS animations with Spritesheets in a grid image (not in a row)

I'm trying to animate a sprite image, and found this great example:

Blog: http://simurai.com/blog/2012/12/03/step-animation/

JSFiddle: http://jsfiddle.net/simurai/CGmCe/


.hi {
width: 50px;
height: 72px;
background-image: url("http://s.cdpn.io/79/sprite-steps.png");

-webkit-animation: play .8s steps(10) infinite;
-moz-animation: play .8s steps(10) infinite;
-ms-animation: play .8s steps(10) infinite;
-o-animation: play .8s steps(10) infinite;
animation: play .8s steps(10) infinite; }


@-webkit-keyframes play { from { background-position: 0px; }
to { background-position: -500px; } }

@-moz-keyframes play { from { background-position: 0px; }
to { background-position: -500px; } }

@-ms-keyframes play { from { background-position: 0px; }
to { background-position: -500px; } }

@-o-keyframes play { from { background-position: 0px; }
to { background-position: -500px; } }

@keyframes play { from { background-position: 0px; }
to { background-position: -500px; } }


I'd like to do the same thing, but using a square (power-or-two sized) image atlas instead of an animation strip. For example, this one:


square image atlas

Answer

Since this can be a difficult to debug task, I would like to start with the same problem, but in an easier to debug environment.

I chose to do it as a rectangle animation over the full image.

CSS

.hi {
    width: 320px;
    height: 315px;
    background-image: url("http://i.stack.imgur.com/CjMscm.jpg");
    position: relative;
    border: solid 1px black;
}

.hi:before {
    content: "";
    position: absolute;
    width: 100%;
    height: 53px;
    left: 0px;
    top: 0px;
    border: solid 1px red;
    -webkit-animation: playv 18s steps(6) infinite; 
}

@-webkit-keyframes playv {
     0% { top:   0px; }
   100% { top: 315px; }
}

.hi:after {
    content: "";
    position: absolute;
    width: 53px;
    height: 100%;
    left: 266px;
    top: 0px;
    border: solid 1px red;
    -webkit-animation: playh 3s steps(6) infinite; 
}

@-webkit-keyframes playh {
     0% { left:   0px; }
   100% { left: 320px; }
}

Over the image, I display 2 pseudo elements, one is the row selector and the other the column selector. And I adjust the animations until they are ok

demo1

Now, lets verify that setting both animations at the same time works:

CSS

.hi {
    width: 320px;
    height: 315px;
    background-image: url("moon.jpg");
    position: relative;
    border: solid 1px black;
}

.hi:before {
    content: "";
    position: absolute;
    width: 53px;
    height: 53px;
    left: 0px;
    top: 0px;
    border: solid 1px red;
    -webkit-animation: playv 18s steps(6) infinite, playh 3s steps(6) infinite; 
}

@-webkit-keyframes playv {
     0% { top:   0px; }
   100% { top: 315px; }
}

@-webkit-keyframes playh {
     0% { left:   0px; }
   100% { left: 320px; }
}

demo 2

And now the final project

.hi {
    width: 53px;
    height: 53px;
    background-image: url("http://i.stack.imgur.com/CjMscm.jpg");
    position: relative;
    border: solid 1px black;
    -webkit-animation: playv 6s steps(6) infinite, playh 1s steps(6) infinite; 

}


@-webkit-keyframes playv {
     0% { background-position-y:   0px; }
   100% { background-position-y: -315px; }
}

@-webkit-keyframes playh {
     0% { background-position-x:   0px; }
   100% { background-position-x: -320px; }
}

demo 3

All this for a webkit browser, remove prefixes for IE and FF. Also, in this approach it is imposible to avoid displaying the 2 blank images at the lower left corner. If you don't have a full grid, and don't want to display the empty images, you will need to specify all the keyframes one by one