green green - 3 months ago 21
Java Question

Any risk using a single dollar sign `$` as a java class name?

Originally I was using the underscore

as a class name. The new Java8 compiler complains that it "might not be supported after Java SE 8". I changed that to
, and there is no warning any more. However I remember that
is used by Java to indicate an inner/embedded class in the byte code. I am wondering if there is any risk to use a dollar sign
as a class name

Some background to this question. What I want to do is to overcome the fact that Java doesn't support pure function, and the _ or $ is to put an namespace to encapsulate some very generic concept (classes/static methods). and neither do I have a good name for this, nor do I want the lib user type too many things to reference that namespace. Here is the code showing what I am doing under the way:


It is bad style, and potentially risky to use $ in any identifier in Java. The reason it is risky is that the $ character is reserved for the use of the Java toolchain and third-party language tools.

  • It is used by Java compilers in "internal" class names for inner and nested classes.
  • It is used by Java compilers in the names of synthetic attributes.
  • It could be used by third-party code generators (e.g. annotation processors) for various purposes.
  • It could be used by other languages that target the JVM platform, and that might need to co-exist with your code.

You probably won't have technical issues with a plain $ classname at the moment (at least with respect to the standard Java toolchain). But there's always the possibility that this will change in the future:

  • They have reserved the right to change this.
  • There is a precedent for doing this in the _ example.

If you really, really need a one-character classname, it would be better to play it safe and use F or Z or something else that isn't reserved.

But to be honest, I think you'd be better off trying to implement (or just use) a real functional language than trying to shoe-horn a functional programming "system" into Java. Or maybe, just switch to Java 8 ahead of its official release. 'Cos I for one would refuse to read / maintain a Java codebase that looked like jquery.

I don't mean to create a functional lib for Java, just want to create a lib to maintain some common utilities I used. Again, I am a advocate of minimalism and feel suck with things like apache commons. The functional stuff is added to help me easier to manipulate collection(s).

If it is your code, you can do what you like. Make your own decisions. Act on your opinions. Be a "risk taker" ... :-). (Our advice on $, etcetera ... is moot.)

But if you are writing this code for a client or employer, or with the intention of creating a (viable) open source product, then you need to take account of other people's opinion. For example, your boss needs to have an informed opinion on how maintainable your code will be if you find a better paying job somewhere else. In general, will the next guy be able to figure it out, keep your code, fresh, etc ... or will it be consigned to the dustbin?