Khawar Raza Khawar Raza - 4 months ago 12x
Android Question

What is the purpose of Looper and how to use it?

I am new to Android. I want to know what the

class does and also how to use it. I have read the Android Looper class documentation but I am unable to completely understand it.
I have seen it in a lot of places but unable to understand its purpose. Can anyone help me by defining the purpose of
and also by giving a simple example if possible?


What is Looper?

Looper is a class which is used to execute the Messages(Runnables) in a queue. Normal threads have no such queue, e.g. simple thread does not have any queue. It executes once and after method execution finishes, the thread will not run another Message(Runnable).

Where we can use Looper class?

If someone wants to execute multiple messages(Runnables) then he should use the Looper class which is responsible for creating a queue in the thread. For example, while writing an application that downloads files from the internet, we can use Looper class to put files to be downloaded in the queue.

How it works?

There is prepare() method to prepare the Looper. Then you can use loop() method to create a message loop in the current thread and now your Looper is ready to execute the requests in the queue until you quit the loop.

Here is the code by which you can prepare the Looper.

class LooperThread extends Thread {
      public Handler mHandler;

      public void run() {

          mHandler = new Handler() {
              public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
                  // process incoming messages here