user398341 user398341 - 3 months ago 18
jQuery Question

jquery - return value using ajax result on success

I have a small problem with jquery $.ajax() function.

I have a form where every click on the radio button or selection from the dropdown menu creates a session variable with the selected value.

Now - I have one of the dropdown menus which have 4 options - the first one (with label None) has a value="" other have their ids.

What I want to happen is to None option (with blank value) to remove the session and other to create one, but only if session with this specific select name doesn't already exist - as all other options have the same amount assigned to it - it's just indicating which one was selected.

I'm not sure if that makes sense - but have a look at the code - perhaps this will make it clearer:

$("#add_ons select").change(function() {
// get current price of the addons
var order_price_addon = $(".order_price_addon").text();
// get price of the clicked radio button from the rel attribute
var add = $(this).children('option').attr('label');
var name = $(this).attr('name');
var val = $(this).val();


if(val == "") {
var price = parseInt(order_price_addon) - parseInt(add);
removeSession(name);
} else {
if(isSession(name) == 0) {
var price = parseInt(order_price_addon) + parseInt(add);
}
setSession(name, val);
}

$(".order_price_addon").html(price);
setSession('order_price_addon', price);
updateTotal();
});


so - first of all when the #add_ons select menu triggers "change" we get some values from a few elements for calculations.

we get the label attribute of the option from our select which stores the value to be added to the total, name of the select to create session with this name and value to later check which one was selected.

now - we check whether the val == "" (which would indicate that None option has been selected) and we deduct the amount from the total as well as remove the session with the select's name.

After this is where the problem starts - else statement.

Else - we want to check whether the isSession() function with the name of our selector returns 0 or 1 - if it returns 0 then we add to the total the value stored in the label attribute, but if it returns 1 - that would suggest that session already exists - then we only change the value of this session by recreating it - but the amount isn't added to it.

Now isSession function looks like this:

function isSession(selector) {
$.ajax({
type: "POST",
url: '/order.html',
data: ({ issession : 1, selector: selector }),
dataType: "html",
success: function(data) {
return data;
},
error: function() {
alert('Error occured');
}
});
}


Now - the problem is - that I don't know whether using "return" will return the result from the function - as it doesn't seem to work - however, if I put the "data" in the success: section into the alert - it does seem to return the right value.

Does anyone know how to return the value from the function and then compare it in the next statement?




Thanks guys - I've tried it in the following way:

function isSession(selector) {
$.ajax({
type: "POST",
url: '/order.html',
data: ({ issession : 1, selector: selector }),
dataType: "html",
success: function(data) {
updateResult(data);
},
error: function() {
alert('Error occured');
}
});
}


then the updateResult() function:

function updateResult(data) {
result = data;
}

result - is the global variable - which I'm then trying to read:

$("#add_ons select").change(function() {
// get current price of the addons
var order_price_addon = $(".order_price_addon").text();
// get price of the clicked radio button from the rel attribute
var add = $(this).children('option').attr('label');
var name = $(this).attr('name');
var val = $(this).val();


if(val == "") {
var price = parseInt(order_price_addon) - parseInt(add);
removeSession(name);
} else {
isSession(name);
if(result == 0) {
var price = parseInt(order_price_addon) + parseInt(add);
}
setSession(name, val);
}

$(".order_price_addon").html(price);
setSession('order_price_addon', price);
updateTotal();
});


but for some reason - it doesn't work - any idea?

Answer

The trouble is that you can not return a value from an asynchronous call, like an AJAX request, and expect it to work.

The reason is that the code waiting for the response has already executed by the time the response is received.

The solution to this problem is to run the necessary code inside the success: callback. That way it is accessing the data only when it is available.

function isSession(selector) {
    $.ajax({
        type: "POST",
        url: '/order.html',
        data: ({ issession : 1, selector: selector }),
        dataType: "html",
        success: function(data) {
            // Run the code here that needs
            //    to access the data returned
            return data;
        },
        error: function() {
            alert('Error occured');
        }
    });
}

Another possibility (which is effectively the same thing) is to call a function inside your success: callback that passes the data when it is available.

function isSession(selector) {
    $.ajax({
        type: "POST",
        url: '/order.html',
        data: ({ issession : 1, selector: selector }),
        dataType: "html",
        success: function(data) {
                // Call this function on success
            someFunction( data );
            return data;
        },
        error: function() {
            alert('Error occured');
        }
    });
}

function someFunction( data ) {
    // Do something with your data
}
Comments