crush crush - 1 year ago 165
CSS Question

How can I style a JavaFX menu and its items in CSS?

I've got a MenuBar that is setup as follows in FXML:

<MenuBar VBox.vgrow="NEVER">
<Menu mnemonicParsing="true" text="_File">
<MenuItem mnemonicParsing="true" text="_New Project"/>
<MenuItem mnemonicParsing="true" text="_Open…"/>
<MenuItem mnemonicParsing="false" text="Quit"/>

This produces a menu as follows:

enter image description here

I've successfully styled the
and the
File with the following CSS:

.menu-bar { /* The menu bar itself */ }
.menu { /* The File menu item */ }
.menu:showing { /* menu when it's being shown (activated) */ }
.menu .label { /* Styles the text on a menu item */ }
.menu:showing .label { /* Styles the text on a menu item when activated */ }

However, I've been unable to style the menu that is displayed.

I've tried treating it as a ContextMenu:

.context-menu {
-fx-background-color: red;

Doesn't do anything (it's not a ContextMenu, so no big surprise here).

I've tried styling

.menu-item {
-fx-background-color: red;

This changes the menu (File), but not the menu items or the menu that is displayed.

I've tried selecting a substructure called
but that doesn't seem to exist.


  1. How do I select/style the menu (the container that is holding New Project, Open..., Quit)?

  2. How do I select/style each individual MenuItem in the menu?


To help clarify which elements I'm looking to style, I've added this image which outlines the components I'm wishing to style:

enter image description here

Answer Source

I think you forgot the -fx-skin property in .context-menu.
Follow the How to style menu button and menu items.

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