I am currently working on a wrapper for a dedicated server running in the shell. The wrapper spawns the server process via subprocess and observes and reacts to its output.
The dedicated server must be explicitly given a command to shut down gracefully. Thus, CTRL-C must not reach the server process.
If I capture the KeyboardInterrupt exception or overwrite the SIGINT-handler in python, the server process still receives the CTRL-C and stops immediately.
So my question is:
How to prevent subprocesses from receiving CTRL-C / Control-C / SIGINT?
Somebody in the #python IRC-Channel (Freenode) helped me by pointing out the preexec_fn parameter of subprocess.Popen(...):
If preexec_fn is set to a callable object, this object will be called in the child process just before the child is executed. (Unix only)
Thus, the following code solves the problem (UNIX only):
import subprocess import signal def preexec_function(): # Ignore the SIGINT signal by setting the handler to the standard # signal handler SIG_IGN. signal.signal(signal.SIGINT, signal.SIG_IGN) my_process = subprocess.Popen( ["my_executable"], preexec_fn = preexec_function )
Note: The signal is actually not prevented from reaching the subprocess. Instead, the preexec_fn above overwrites the signal's default handler so that the signal is ignored. Thus, this solution may not work if the subprocess overwrites the SIGINT handler again.
Another note: This solution works for all sorts of subprocesses, i.e. it is not restricted to subprocesses written in Python, too. For example the dedicated server I am writing my wrapper for is in fact written in Java.