rhodan rhodan - 2 months ago 17
Java Question

Java How to extract a complete XML block

Using this XML example:

<A>
<B>
<id>0</id>
</B>
<B>
<id>1</id>
</B>
</A>


I want a simple method to extract the XML block of node B, returning the XML String:

<B>
<id>1</id>
</B>


To retrieve this node i should use some Java XPath library like XOM or Java XPath, but i couldn't find how to get the complete XML string.

I found two equivalent answered questions using C#:
C# How to extract complete xml node set and how can I extract an XML block from an XML document?

Answer

Adding to lwburk's solution, to convert a DOM Node to string form, you can use a Transformer:

private static String nodeToString(Node node)
throws TransformerException
{
    StringWriter buf = new StringWriter();
    Transformer xform = TransformerFactory.newInstance().newTransformer();
    xform.setOutputProperty(OutputKeys.OMIT_XML_DECLARATION, "yes");
    xform.transform(new DOMSource(node), new StreamResult(buf));
    return(buf.toString());
}

Complete example:

public static void main(String... args)
throws Exception
{
    String xml = "<A><B><id>0</id></B><B><id>1</id></B></A>";
    DocumentBuilderFactory dbf = DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance();
    Document doc = dbf.newDocumentBuilder().parse(new InputSource(new StringReader(xml)));

    XPath xPath = XPathFactory.newInstance().newXPath();
    Node result = (Node)xPath.evaluate("A/B[id = '1']", doc, XPathConstants.NODE);

    System.out.println(nodeToString(result));
}

private static String nodeToString(Node node)
throws TransformerException
{
    StringWriter buf = new StringWriter();
    Transformer xform = TransformerFactory.newInstance().newTransformer();
    xform.setOutputProperty(OutputKeys.OMIT_XML_DECLARATION, "yes");
    xform.transform(new DOMSource(node), new StreamResult(buf));
    return(buf.toString());
}
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