user2355509 user2355509 - 7 months ago 107
Javascript Question

jQuery AJAX file upload PHP

I want to implement a simple file upload in my intranet-page, with the smallest setup possible.

This is my HTML part:

<input id="sortpicture" type="file" name="sortpic" />
<button id="upload">Upload</button>


and this is my JS jquery script:

$("#upload").on("click", function() {
var file_data = $("#sortpicture").prop("files")[0];
var form_data = new FormData();
form_data.append("file", file_data)
alert(form_data);
$.ajax({
url: "/uploads",
dataType: 'script',
cache: false,
contentType: false,
processData: false,
data: form_data,
type: 'post',
success: function(){
alert("works");
}
});
});


There is a folder named "uploads" in the root directory of the website, with change permissions for "users" and "IIS_users".

When I select a file with the file-form and press the upload button, the first alert returns "[object FormData]". the second alert doesn't get called and the"uploads" folder is empty too!?

Can someone help my finding out whats wrong?

Also the next step should be, to rename the file with a server side generated name. Maybe someone can give me a solution for this, too.

Answer

You need a script that runs on the server to move the file to the uploads directory. The jQuery ajax method (running in the browser) sends the form data to the server, then a script on the server handles the upload. Here's an example using PHP.

Your HTML is fine, but update your JS jQuery script to look like this:

$('#upload').on('click', function() {
    var file_data = $('#sortpicture').prop('files')[0];   
    var form_data = new FormData();                  
    form_data.append('file', file_data);
    alert(form_data);                             
    $.ajax({
                url: 'upload.php', // point to server-side PHP script 
                dataType: 'text',  // what to expect back from the PHP script, if anything
                cache: false,
                contentType: false,
                processData: false,
                data: form_data,                         
                type: 'post',
                success: function(php_script_response){
                    alert(php_script_response); // display response from the PHP script, if any
                }
     });
});

And now for the server-side script, using PHP in this case.

upload.php: a PHP script that runs on the server and directs the file to the uploads directory:

<?php

    if ( 0 < $_FILES['file']['error'] ) {
        echo 'Error: ' . $_FILES['file']['error'] . '<br>';
    }
    else {
        move_uploaded_file($_FILES['file']['tmp_name'], 'uploads/' . $_FILES['file']['name']);
    }

?>

Also, a couple things about the destination directory:

  1. Make sure you have the correct server path, i.e., starting at the PHP script location, what is the path to the uploads directory, and
  2. Make sure it's writeable.

And a little bit about the PHP function move_uploaded_file, used in the upload.php script:

move_uploaded_file(

    // this is where the file is temporarily stored on the server when uploaded
    // do not change this
    $_FILES['file']['tmp_name'],

    // this is where you want to put the file and what you want to name it
    // in this case we are putting in a directory called "uploads"
    // and giving it the original filename
    'uploads/' . $_FILES['file']['name']
);

$_FILES['file']['name'] is the name of the file as it is uploaded. You don't have to use that. You can give the file any name (server filesystem compatible) you want:

move_uploaded_file(
    $_FILES['file']['tmp_name'],
    'uploads/my_new_filename.whatever'
);