RYN RYN - 2 months ago 11
MySQL Question

mysql insert if value not exist in another table

I have two tables that store value as

VARCHAR
.

I'm populating table and I want just insert values in one of tables if they are not exist in other table.

Something like:

INSERT IF IS EMPTY(SELECT * FROM t1 where v='test') INTO t2 (v) VALUES ('test')


How Can I do that?

Jon Jon
Answer

You need to use some type of INSERT...SELECT query.

Update (after clarification): For example, here is how to insert a row in t2 if a corresponding row do not already exist in t1:

INSERT INTO t2 (v)
  SELECT temp.candidate
  FROM (SELECT 'test' AS candidate) temp
  LEFT JOIN t1 ON t1.v = temp.candidate
  WHERE t1.v IS NULL

To insert multiple rows with the same query, I 'm afraid there is nothing better than

INSERT INTO t2 (v)
  SELECT temp.candidate
  FROM (
      SELECT 'test1' AS candidate
      UNION SELECT 'test2'
      UNION SELECT 'test3' -- etc
  ) temp
  LEFT JOIN t1 ON t1.v = temp.candidate
  WHERE t1.v IS NULL

Original answer

For example, this will take other_column from all rows from table1 that satisfy the WHERE clause and insert rows into table2 with the values used as column_name. It will ignore duplicate key errors.

INSERT IGNORE INTO table2 (column_name)
  SELECT table1.other_column
  FROM table1 WHERE table1.something == 'filter';
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