adamJLev adamJLev - 5 months ago 28
Javascript Question

Javascript communication between browser tabs/windows

What's the most reliable way to have Javascript communicate between tabs/windows of the same browser? For example, when Tab 2 starts audio playback, Tab 1 somehow knows about this and can pause it's player.

I'm building a site with a music player... so at the moment if you open two tabs to the site, you could start music on both.
This is obviously bad, so I'm trying to find a solution.

Any ideas?
Thanks

Answer

You can communicate between browser windows (and tabs too) using cookies.

Here is an example of sender and receiver:

sender.html

<h1>Sender</h1>

<p>Type into the text box below and watch the text 
   appear automatically in the receiver.</p>

<form name="sender">
<input type="text" name="message" size="30" value="">
<input type="reset" value="Clean">
</form>

<script type="text/javascript"><!--
function setCookie(value) {
    document.cookie = "cookie-msg-test=" + value + "; path=/";
    return true;
}
function updateMessage() {
    var t = document.forms['sender'].elements['message'];
    setCookie(t.value);
    setTimeout(updateMessage, 100);
}
updateMessage();
//--></script>

receiver.html:

<h1>Receiver</h1>

<p>Watch the text appear in the text box below as you type it in the sender.</p>

<form name="receiver">
<input type="text" name="message" size="30" value="" readonly disabled>
</form>

<script type="text/javascript"><!--
function getCookie() {
    var cname = "cookie-msg-test=";
    var ca = document.cookie.split(';');
    for (var i=0; i < ca.length; i++) {
        var c = ca[i];
        while (c.charAt(0)==' ') c = c.substring(1,c.length);
        if (c.indexOf(cname) == 0) {
            return c.substring(cname.length, c.length);
        }
    }
    return null;
}
function updateMessage() {
    var text = getCookie();
    document.forms['receiver'].elements['message'].value = text;
    setTimeout(updateMessage, 100);
}
updateMessage();
//--></script>
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