user3737702 user3737702 - 1 year ago 91
Python Question

How to make two markers share the same label in the legend using matplotlib?

What I want is like this:
enter image description here

What I get is this:
enter image description here

So how to merge the markers into one label?
also for the lines, for the lines, of course, u can realize it by not assigning label to the second line while using the same linetype, but for the markers, you can not, since they are of different shapes.

Answer Source

I think it's best to use a full legend - otherwise, how will your readers know the difference between the two models, or the two datasets? I would do it this way:

enter image description here

But, if you really want to do it your way, you can use a custom legend as shown in this guide. You'll need to create your own class, like they do, that defines the legend_artist method, which then adds squares and circles as appropriate. Here is the plot generated and the code used to generate it:

enter image description here

#!/usr/bin/env python
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import matplotlib.patches as mpatches
import numpy as np


# ==================================
# Define the form of the function
# ==================================
def model(x, A=190, k=1):
    return A * np.exp(-k*x/50)

# ==================================
# How many data points are generated
# ==================================
num_samples = 15

# ==================================
# Create data for plots
# ==================================
x_model = np.linspace(0, 130, 200)

x_data1 = np.random.rand(num_samples) * 130
x_data1.sort()

x_data2 = np.random.rand(num_samples) * 130
x_data2.sort()

data1 = model(x_data1, k=1) * (1 + np.random.randn(num_samples) * 0.2)
data2 = model(x_data2, k=2) * (1 + np.random.randn(num_samples) * 0.15)

model1 = model(x_model, k=1)
model2 = model(x_model, k=2)

# ==================================
# Plot everything normally
# ==================================
fig = plt.figure()
ax = fig.add_subplot('111')
ax.plot(x_data1, data1, 'ok', markerfacecolor='none', label='Data (k=1)')
ax.plot(x_data2, data2, 'sk', markeredgecolor='0.5', markerfacecolor='0.5', label='Data (k=2)')
ax.plot(x_model, model1, '-k', label='Model (k=1)')
ax.plot(x_model, model2, '--k', label='Model (k=2)')

# ==================================
# Format plot
# ==================================
ax.set_xlabel('Distance from heated face($10^{-2}$ m)')
ax.set_ylabel('Temperature ($^\circ$C)')
ax.set_xlim((0, 130))
ax.set_title('Normal way to plot')
ax.legend()
fig.tight_layout()

plt.show()


# ==================================
# ==================================
# Do it again, but with custom
# legend
# ==================================
# ==================================
class AnyObject(object):
    pass


class data_handler(object):
    def legend_artist(self, legend, orig_handle, fontsize, handlebox):
        scale = fontsize / 22
        x0, y0 = handlebox.xdescent, handlebox.ydescent
        width, height = handlebox.width, handlebox.height
        patch_sq = mpatches.Rectangle([x0, y0 + height/2 * (1 - scale) ], height * scale, height * scale, facecolor='0.5',
                edgecolor='0.5', transform=handlebox.get_transform())
        patch_circ = mpatches.Circle([x0 + width - height/2, y0 + height/2], height/2 * scale, facecolor='none',
                edgecolor='black', transform=handlebox.get_transform())

        handlebox.add_artist(patch_sq)
        handlebox.add_artist(patch_circ)
        return patch_sq

# ==================================
# Plot everything
# ==================================
fig = plt.figure()
ax = fig.add_subplot('111')
d1 = ax.plot(x_data1, data1, 'ok', markerfacecolor='none', label='Data (k=2)')
d2 = ax.plot(x_data2, data2, 'sk', markeredgecolor='0.5', markerfacecolor='0.5', label='Data (k=1)')
m1 = ax.plot(x_model, model1, '-k', label='Model (k=1)')
m2 = ax.plot(x_model, model2, '-k', label='Model (k=2)')

# ax.legend([d1], handler_map={ax.plot: data_handler()})
ax.legend([AnyObject(), m1[0]], ['Data', 'Model'], handler_map={AnyObject: data_handler()})

# ==================================
# Format plot
# ==================================
ax.set_xlabel('Distance from heated face($10^{-2}$ m)')
ax.set_ylabel('Temperature ($^\circ$C)')
ax.set_xlim((0, 130))
ax.set_title('Custom legend')
fig.tight_layout()

plt.show()