prifs prifs - 1 month ago 13
MySQL Question

PHP/MySQL - How to use MySQL BEGIN/COMMIT with PDO

I was wondering how to use a MySQL BEGIN/COMMIT with a PDO.
I've read that it's best to create a query that either inserts all data or none at all to provide 'consistency' in the database
Here's my code

$query = $db -> prepare
("
BEGIN;
INSERT INTO chat (chat_id,msg,datetime)
VALUES (:cid,:msg,:datetime)
INSERT INTO chat_connect (chat_id,sender_id,receiver_id)
VALUES (:cid2,:sender_id,:receiver_id);
COMMIT;
");
$query -> execute(array(
"cid" => $cid,
"msg" => $msg,
"datetime" => $datetime,
"sender_id" => $getid,
"receiver_id" => $frid,
"cid2" => $cid
));

Answer

Transaction syntax:

START TRANSACTION [transaction_characteristic [, transaction_characteristic] ...]

transaction_characteristic: WITH CONSISTENT SNAPSHOT | READ WRITE | READ ONLY

BEGIN [WORK] COMMIT [WORK] [AND [NO] CHAIN] [[NO] RELEASE] ROLLBACK [WORK] [AND [NO] CHAIN] [[NO] RELEASE] SET autocommit = {0 | 1}

Transaction example:

START TRANSACTION;
SELECT @A:=SUM(salary) FROM table1 WHERE type=1;
UPDATE table2 SET summary=@A WHERE type=1;
COMMIT;

Taken from here.

You intend to create a transaction via PDO. That is not really a problem. You can do it by generating the query text accordingly:

$query = $db -> prepare 
                        ("
                        START TRANSACTION;
                        BEGIN;
                        INSERT INTO chat (chat_id,msg,datetime) 
                        VALUES (:cid,:msg,:datetime)
                        INSERT INTO chat_connect (chat_id,sender_id,receiver_id)
                        VALUES (:cid2,:sender_id,:receiver_id);
                        COMMIT;
                        ");
$query -> execute(array(
            "cid" => $cid,
            "msg" => $msg,
            "datetime" => $datetime,
            "sender_id" => $getid,
            "receiver_id" => $frid,
            "cid2" => $cid
            ));

Here you can see how you can write a bullet-proof transaction.