Toucouleur Toucouleur - 13 days ago 7
Javascript Question

Merge 2 objects based on 1 field using Underscore.js

I have 2 arrays of objects:

var a = [
{ "image_id": 631293, "score": 73 },
{ "image_id": 11848407, "score": 56 }
];

var b = [
{ "image_id": 631293, "article_id": 173 },
{ "image_id": 11848407, "article_id": 121 }
];


I have tried to apply method described in How can i merge array of objects with underscore js but unfortunately it does not work at all.

My need is to merge both arrays of objects thanks to
image_id
.

So I tried this :

_.values(
_.extendOwn(
_.indexBy(a, 'image_id'),
_.indexBy(b, 'image_id')
)
)


but output just return me this array of object a

I need to get :

[
{"image_id": 631293, "score": 73, "article_id": 173},
{"image_id": 11848407, "score": 56, "article_id": 121}
]


How can I achieve this without doing a loop to check every element of array and use a
findWhere
?

Answer

Using indexBy is a good start. Then loop and extend one:

var indexed = _.indexBy(a, 'image_id');

_.each(b, function(obj) {
  var master = indexed[obj.image_id];
  if (master) _.extend(master, obj);
});

or if you want a new array and let the original objects untouched:

var result = _.map(b, function(obj) {
  var master = indexed[obj.image_id];
  return _.extend({}, master, obj);
});

var a = [{
  "image_id": 11848407,
  "score": 56
}, {
  "image_id": 631293,
  "score": 73
}, {
  "image_id": "dummy",
  "score": 1
}];

var b = [{
  "image_id": "test",
  "article_id": 0
}, {
  "image_id": 631293,
  "article_id": 173
}, {
  "image_id": 11848407,
  "article_id": 121
}];

var indexed = _.indexBy(a, 'image_id');

_.each(b, function(obj) {
  var master = indexed[obj.image_id];
  if (master) _.extend(master, obj);
});

console.log(a);
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/underscore.js/1.8.3/underscore-min.js"></script>

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