Shaggy Shaggy - 3 months ago 34
Ajax Question

pass string array via jQuery AJAX to C# WebMethod

I want to pass a JavaScript string array to a C# WebMethod via jQuery (POST):

$.ajax({
type: "POST", // GET or POST or PUT or DELETE verb
url: PageURL + 'ChangeColor', // Location of the service
data: "{ 'OriginalColorHex': '" + JSON.stringify(clipartOriginalColorsHex) + "','ModifiedColorHex':'" + JSON.stringify(clipartModifiedColorsHex) +
"','OriginalColorRGB': '" + JSON.stringify(clipartOriginalColorsRGB) + "','ModifiedColorRGB':'" + JSON.stringify(clipartModifiedColorsRGB) +
"','fileName':'" + clipartFileName + "' }",
contentType: "application/json; charset=utf-8", // Content type sent to server
dataType: "json", // Expected data format from server
processdata: true, // True or False
traditional: true,
success: function (result) { // On Successful service call
console.log(result);
}
});


Data going in ajax call looks like this

{ 'OriginalColorHex': '["#000000","#006565","#cccc99"]', 'ModifiedColorHex': '["#3366CC","#cc5500","#3366cc"]', 'OriginalColorRGB': '["rgb(0,0,0)","rgb(0,101,101)","rgb(204,204,153)"]', 'ModifiedColorRGB': '["rgb(51, 102, 204)","rgb(204, 85, 0)","rgb(51, 102, 204)"]', 'fileName': '179.svg' }


C# WebMethod:

[WebMethod]
public static string ChangeClipartColor(string[] OriginalColorHex, string[] ModifiedColorHex, string[] OriginalColorRGB, string[] ModifiedColorRGB, string fileName)
{
// Code Here
}


Error

{
"Message":"Cannot convert object of type \u0027System.String\u0027 to type \u0027System.String[]\u0027",
"StackTrace":" at System.Web.Script.Serialization.ObjectConverter.ConvertObjectToTypeInternal(Object o, Type type, JavaScriptSerializer serializer, Boolean throwOnError, Object\u0026 convertedObject)\r\n at System.Web.Script.Serialization.ObjectConverter.ConvertObjectToTypeMain(Object o, Type type, JavaScriptSerializer serializer, Boolean throwOnError, Object\u0026 convertedObject)\r\n at System.Web.Script.Services.WebServiceMethodData.StrongTypeParameters(IDictionary`2 rawParams)\r\n at System.Web.Script.Services.WebServiceMethodData.CallMethodFromRawParams(Object target, IDictionary`2 parameters)\r\n at System.Web.Script.Services.RestHandler.InvokeMethod(HttpContext context, WebServiceMethodData methodData, IDictionary`2 rawParams)\r\n at System.Web.Script.Services.RestHandler.ExecuteWebServiceCall(HttpContext context, WebServiceMethodData methodData)",
"ExceptionType":"System.InvalidOperationException"
}

Answer

Quick Fix

JSON arrays do not need to be in quotes. This is valid JSON:

{
    "OriginalColorHex": [
        "#000000",
        "#006565",
        "#cccc99"
    ]
}

Try validating your JSON with a tool like JSONLint to make sure it's valid. The WebMethod should be able to accept a string array just fine.

A slightly better method

Instead of building your JSON as a string, build an object and then let JavaScript handle the conversion for you:

var clipartOriginalColorsHex = ['#000000','#006565','#cccc99'];
var clipartModifiedColorsHex = ['#3366CC','#cc5500','#3366cc'];
var clipartOriginalColorsRGB = ['rgb(0,0,0)','rgb(0,101,101)','rgb(204,204,153)'];
var clipartModifiedColorsRGB = ['rgb(51, 102, 204)','rgb(204, 85, 0)','rgb(51, 102, 204)'];
var fileName = '179.svg';

var myData = {
    OriginalColorHex: clipartOriginalColorsHex,
    ModifiedColorHex: clipartModifiedColorsHex,
    OriginalColorRGB: clipartOriginalColorsRGB,
    ModifiedColorRGB: clipartModifiedColorsRGB,
    fileName: fileName
};

$.ajax({
    type: "POST",       //GET or POST or PUT or DELETE verb          
    url: PageURL + 'ChangeColor',       // Location of the service
    data:   JSON.stringify(myData),
    contentType: "application/json; charset=utf-8",     // content type sent to server
    dataType: "json",   //Expected data format from server
    processdata: true,  //True or False      
    traditional: true,          
    success: function (result) {//On Successful service call
        console.log(result);
    }
});

Much cleaner, less error-prone, and easier to test. Here's a fiddle to demonstrate.

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