Objective-C Question

Intersection between two lines in coordinates

I can detect the intersection point of two lines, but if my line don't has the length of my screen, it detects the point, where it shouldn't be.

Here a preview: Intersection
So, it shouldn't detect this intersection because the horizontal line isn't that long.

Code:

- (NSMutableArray *) intersectWithLines:(CGPoint)startPoint andEnd:(CGPoint)endPoint {
NSMutableArray *intersects = [[NSMutableArray alloc] init];

for(GameLine *line in [_lineBackground getLines]) {

double lineStartX = line.startPos.x;
double lineStartY = line.startPos.y;
double tempEndX = line.endPos.x;
double tempEndY = line.endPos.y;

double d = ((startPoint.x - endPoint.x)*(lineStartY - tempEndY)) - ((startPoint.y - endPoint.y) * (lineStartX - tempEndX));

if(d != 0) {
double sX = ((lineStartX - tempEndX) * (startPoint.x * endPoint.y - startPoint.y * endPoint.x) - (startPoint.x - endPoint.x) * (lineStartX * tempEndY - lineStartY * tempEndX)) / d;
double sY = ((lineStartY - tempEndY) * (startPoint.x * endPoint.y - startPoint.y * endPoint.x) - (startPoint.y - endPoint.y) * (lineStartX * tempEndY - lineStartY * tempEndX)) / d;


if([self isValidCGPoint:CGPointMake(sX, sY)]) {
[intersects addObject:[NSValue valueWithCGPoint:CGPointMake(sX, sY)]];
}
}
}

return intersects;
}

Answer

If I understand your question correctly, you need to determine the intersection point of two line segments. This should work with the following method:

- (NSValue *)intersectionOfLineFrom:(CGPoint)p1 to:(CGPoint)p2 withLineFrom:(CGPoint)p3 to:(CGPoint)p4
{
    CGFloat d = (p2.x - p1.x)*(p4.y - p3.y) - (p2.y - p1.y)*(p4.x - p3.x);
    if (d == 0)
        return nil; // parallel lines
    CGFloat u = ((p3.x - p1.x)*(p4.y - p3.y) - (p3.y - p1.y)*(p4.x - p3.x))/d;
    CGFloat v = ((p3.x - p1.x)*(p2.y - p1.y) - (p3.y - p1.y)*(p2.x - p1.x))/d;
    if (u < 0.0 || u > 1.0)
        return nil; // intersection point not between p1 and p2
    if (v < 0.0 || v > 1.0)
        return nil; // intersection point not between p3 and p4
    CGPoint intersection;
    intersection.x = p1.x + u * (p2.x - p1.x);
    intersection.y = p1.y + u * (p2.y - p1.y);

    return [NSValue valueWithCGPoint:intersection];
}