kreek kreek - 4 months ago 52
Node.js Question

Exclude route from express middleware

I have a node app sitting like a firewall/dispatcher in front of other micro services and it uses a middleware chain like below:

...
app.use app_lookup
app.use timestamp_validator
app.use request_body
app.use checksum_validator
app.use rateLimiter
app.use whitelist
app.use proxy
...


However for a particular GET route I want to skip all of them except rateLimiter and proxy. Is their a way to set a filter like a Rails before_filter using :except/:only?

Answer

Even though there is no build-in middleware filter system in expressjs, you can achieve this in at least two ways.

First method is to mount all middlewares that you want to skip to a regular expression path than includes a negative lookup:

// Skip all middleware except rateLimiter and proxy when route is /example_route
app.use(/\/((?!example_route).)*/, app_lookup);
app.use(/\/((?!example_route).)*/, timestamp_validator);
app.use(/\/((?!example_route).)*/, request_body);
app.use(/\/((?!example_route).)*/, checksum_validator);
app.use(rateLimiter);
app.use(/\/((?!example_route).)*/, whitelist);
app.use(proxy);

Second method, probably more readable and cleaner one, is to wrap your middleware with a small helper function:

var unless = function(path, middleware) {
    return function(req, res, next) {
        if (path === req.path) {
            return next();
        } else {
            return middleware(req, res, next);
        }
    };
};

app.use(unless('/example_route', app_lookup));
app.use(unless('/example_route', timestamp_validator));
app.use(unless('/example_route', request_body));
app.use(unless('/example_route', checksum_validator));
app.use(rateLimiter);
app.use(unless('/example_route', whitelist));
app.use(proxy);

If you need more powerfull route matching than simple path === req.path you can use path-to-regexp module that is used internally by Express.

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