Chilli Chilli - 1 month ago 11
Java Question

How to check if two words are anagrams

I have a program that shows you whether two words are anagrams of one another. There are a few examples that will not work properly and I would appreciate any help, although if it were not advanced that would be great, as I am a 1st year programmer. "schoolmaster" and "theclassroom" are anagrams of one another, however when I change "theclassroom" to "theclafsroom" it still says they are anagrams, what am I doing wrong?

import java.util.ArrayList;
public class AnagramCheck
{
public static void main(String args[])
{
String phrase1 = "tbeclassroom";
phrase1 = (phrase1.toLowerCase()).trim();
char[] phrase1Arr = phrase1.toCharArray();

String phrase2 = "schoolmaster";
phrase2 = (phrase2.toLowerCase()).trim();
ArrayList<Character> phrase2ArrList = convertStringToArraylist(phrase2);

if (phrase1.length() != phrase2.length())
{
System.out.print("There is no anagram present.");
}
else
{
boolean isFound = true;
for (int i=0; i<phrase1Arr.length; i++)
{
for(int j = 0; j < phrase2ArrList.size(); j++)
{
if(phrase1Arr[i] == phrase2ArrList.get(j))
{
System.out.print("There is a common element.\n");
isFound = ;
phrase2ArrList.remove(j);
}
}
if(isFound == false)
{
System.out.print("There are no anagrams present.");
return;
}
}
System.out.printf("%s is an anagram of %s", phrase1, phrase2);
}
}

public static ArrayList<Character> convertStringToArraylist(String str) {
ArrayList<Character> charList = new ArrayList<Character>();
for(int i = 0; i<str.length();i++){
charList.add(str.charAt(i));
}
return charList;
}
}

Answer

Fastest algorithm would be to map each of the 26 English characters to a unique prime number. Then calculate the product of the string. By the fundamental theorem of arithmetic, 2 strings are anagrams if and only if their products are the same.

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