wlh wlh - 9 months ago 42
iOS Question

Canvas element not rendering on iOS devices

I have a canvas element on my site that renders perfectly in the desktop browser as well as on Android devices, but will not render on iOS devices (iPad, iPhone) - neither Safari nor Chrome on ios. I'm using Materialize as my CSS framework.

Is there something I need to add to my code?

Here is live version



var next; //initialize for interval
//paint random colored pattern on profile screen
function paintCanvas() {

const c = document.querySelector("#canvas");
const ctx = c.getContext("2d");
c.width = window.outerWidth;

const width = c.width;
const height = 612; //canvas height

const min = 0;
const max = width;
const yMid = height/2;
var y1 = yMid;
var y2 = yMid;

function getRandomColor(){

let r = Math.floor(Math.random()*256);
let g = Math.floor(Math.random()*256);
let b = Math.floor(Math.random()*256);
let color = `rgba(${r}, ${g}, ${b}, 0.5)`;
return color;
}

var x = 0;

function paint() {

if (x==(max/2)-2) {
clearInterval(next);
}
ctx.lineWidth = 4; //sets width of line
ctx.strokeStyle = getRandomColor(); //assigns random color
ctx.beginPath(); //start line
ctx.moveTo(x,y1); //moves the origin
ctx.lineTo(max-x,y2); //go to the bottom right corner
ctx.moveTo(x, y2);
ctx.lineTo(max-x, y1);
ctx.stroke();

if(y1==0) {
x++;
} else {
y1--;
y2++;
}

}

next = setInterval(paint, 0.05);
}

paintCanvas();

main {
position: relative;
}

#canvas {
position: absolute;
top:0;
left:0;
width: 100%;
z-index: 0;
}

<main id="#top" role="main">

<canvas id="canvas" width="100%" height = "612px"></canvas>

</main>




wlh wlh
Answer Source

I solved this problem by enabling Web Inspector on my Ipad (Settings>>Safari>>Advanced) and then connecting to a friends Mac PC. Using Safari on the Mac, I was able to enable Web Inspector and thus view Apple's Developer Tools (Settings>>Advanced>>Show Develop Menu In Menu Bar).

I found that the width for my <canvas> element was returning to zero. This meant that window.innerWidth was either returning 0 or null and thus resizing my canvas to zero width rather than to the width of the device.

This led me to try using screen.width instead. This solved the problem. Since I know that window.innerWidth works on all other devices, I added a check on navigator.platform to use screen.width only on iOS devices.

    var next; //initialize for interval
	//paint random colored pattern on profile screen
	function paintCanvas() {

		const c = document.querySelector("#canvas");
		const ctx = c.getContext("2d");
		
        //____________________________________________
        // ----------- FIX FOR THIS PROBLEM ----------
        //____________________________________________

        if ( navigator.platform != "iPad" && navigator.platform != "iPhone" && navigator.platform != "iPod" ) {
		    c.width = window.outerWidth; 
            //I'll use window.innerWidth in production
	    } else {
		    c.width = screen.width;
	    }

		const width = c.width;
		const height = 612; //canvas height

		const min = 0;
		const max = width;
		const yMid = height/2;
		var y1 = yMid;
		var y2 = yMid;

		function getRandomColor(){

			let r = Math.floor(Math.random()*256);
			let g = Math.floor(Math.random()*256);
			let b = Math.floor(Math.random()*256);
			let color = `rgba(${r}, ${g}, ${b}, 0.5)`;
			return color;
		}

		var x = 0;

		function paint() {

			if (x==(max/2)-2) {
				clearInterval(next);
			}
			ctx.lineWidth = 4; //sets width of line 
	    	ctx.strokeStyle = getRandomColor(); //assigns random color
	    	ctx.beginPath(); //start line
	    	ctx.moveTo(x,y1); //moves the origin
	    	ctx.lineTo(max-x,y2); //go to the bottom right corner
	 		ctx.moveTo(x, y2);
	 		ctx.lineTo(max-x, y1);
	    	ctx.stroke();
	    	
	    	if(y1==0) {
	    		x++;
	    	} else {
		    	y1--;
		    	y2++;
		    }

	    }

		next = setInterval(paint, 0.05);
	}

	paintCanvas();
main {
 position: relative;
}

#canvas {
	position: absolute;
	top:0;
	left:0;
	width: 100%;
	z-index: 0;
}
<main id="#top" role="main">

  <canvas id="canvas" width="100%" height = "612px"></canvas>
  
</main>