thom_nic thom_nic - 4 months ago 56x
Node.js Question

Running app inside Docker as non-root user

After yesterday's news of Shocker, it seems like apps inside a Docker container should not be run as root. I tried to update my

to create an app user however changing permissions on app files (while still root) doesn't seem to work. I'm guessing this is because some LXC permission is not being granted to the root user maybe?

Here's my Dockerfile:

# Node.js app Docker file

FROM dockerfile/nodejs
MAINTAINER Thom Nichols ""

RUN useradd -ms /bin/bash node

ADD . /data
# This next line doesn't seem to have any effect:
RUN chown -R node /data

ENV HOME /home/node
USER node

RUN cd /data && npm install



CMD ["npm", "start"]

Pretty straightforward, but when I
ls -l
everything is still owned by root:

[ node@ed7ae33e76e1:/data {docker-nonroot-user} ]$ ls -l /data
total 64K
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 383 Jun 18 20:32 Dockerfile
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 862 Jun 18 16:23 Gruntfile.js
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1.2K Jun 18 15:48
drwxr-xr-x 4 root root 4.0K May 30 14:24 assets/
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 416 Jun 3 14:22 bower.json
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 930 May 30 01:50 config.js
drwxr-xr-x 4 root root 4.0K Jun 18 16:08 lib/
drwxr-xr-x 42 root root 4.0K Jun 18 16:04 node_modules/
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2.0K Jun 18 16:04 package.json
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 118 May 30 18:35 server.js
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4.0K May 30 02:17 static/
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4.0K Jun 18 20:13 test/
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4.0K Jun 3 17:38 views/


My updated dockerfile works great thanks to @creak's clarification of how volumes work. Once the initial files are
npm install
is run as the non-root user. And thanks to a
hook, npm runs
bower install && grunt assets
which takes care of the remaining install steps and avoids any need to
npm install -g
any node cli tools like bower, grunt or coffeescript.


This one is a bit tricky, it is actually due to the image you start from.

If you look at the source, you notice that /data/ is a volume. So everything you do in the Dockerfile will be discarded and overridden at runtime by the volume that gets mounted then.

You can chown at runtime by changing your CMD to something like CMD chown -R node /data && npm start.