darksky darksky - 1 month ago 7
C Question

fgets() not waiting for input

I wrote the following code:

int N;
scanf("%d", &N);
int i;
for (i = 0; i < N; i++) {
char line[LINE_MAX];
if (fgets(line, LINE_MAX, stdin) != NULL) {
// do stuff with line here
printf("%c - %c\n", line[0], line[1]);
}
}


I have an input file which has the number of lines it has, and then that number of lines followed which I want to process. So I read in the number of lines into
N
. After that, I use
fgets
to get the line to be able to process it.

However,
fgets
does not seem to wait for a stdin the first time. I always get output of
-
, and then it waits for input. Meaning, the first iteration of the loop, it is not waiting for standard input at
fgets
and just prints out two empty characters separated by
-
as my
printf
does.

Why is that? How can I get
fgets
to wait for input each time? I feel like it is a threading issue.

Answer Source

As geekosaur said, you are not handling the newline left behind by scanf. You can modify your scanf format string to take it into account:

scanf("%d *[^\n]", &N);

*[^\n] says to ignore everything after your integer input that isn't a newline, but don't do anything with the newline (skip it).

Test program output:

emulawsk@cs:~/testing$ ./test2
3
13
1 - 3
26
2 - 6
59
5 - 9