Captain Comic Captain Comic - 4 years ago 103
C# Question

The order of elements in Dictionary

My question is about enumerating Dictionary elements

// Dictionary definition
private Dictionary<string, string> _Dictionary = new Dictionary<string, string>();

// add values using add

_Dictionary.Add("orange", "1");
_Dictionary.Add("apple", "4");
_Dictionary.Add("cucumber", "6");

// add values using []

_Dictionary["banana"] = 7;
_Dictionary["pineapple"] = 7;

// Now lets see how elements are returned by IEnumerator
foreach (KeyValuePair<string, string> kvp in _Dictionary)
{
Trace.Write(String.Format("{0}={1}", kvp.Key, kvp.Value));
}


In what order will be the elements enumerated? Can I force the order to be alphabetical?

Answer Source

The order of elements in a dictionary is non-deterministic. The notion of order simply is not defined for hashtables. So don't rely on enumerating in the same order as elements were added to the dictionary. That's not guaranteed.

Quote from the doc:

For purposes of enumeration, each item in the dictionary is treated as a KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue> structure representing a value and its key. The order in which the items are returned is undefined.

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