Nomi Nomi - 22 days ago 18
Android Question

Working with BLE Android 4.3 how to write characteristics?

I am working on a BLE project (Android application) using Android 4.3 API, i have used sample BLE app it is only reading characteristics in DeviceControlActivity.activity, but i want to write characteristics and send it to BLE chip on clicking a button. How can I write data on chip cc2540 .. Basically i don't know the step by step procedure to write characteristics.

write i can only see the name and id of device with following piece of code in DeviceControlActivity

private final ExpandableListView.OnChildClickListener servicesListClickListner =
new ExpandableListView.OnChildClickListener() {
@Override
public boolean onChildClick(ExpandableListView parent, View v, int groupPosition,
int childPosition, long id) {
if (mGattCharacteristics != null) {
final BluetoothGattCharacteristic characteristic =
mGattCharacteristics.get(groupPosition).get(childPosition);
final int charaProp = characteristic.getProperties();
if ((charaProp | BluetoothGattCharacteristic.PROPERTY_READ) > 0) {
// If there is an active notification on a characteristic, clear
// it first so it doesn't update the data field on the user interface.
if (mNotifyCharacteristic != null) {
mBluetoothLeService.setCharacteristicNotification(
mNotifyCharacteristic, false);
mNotifyCharacteristic = null;
}
mBluetoothLeService.readCharacteristic(characteristic);
showDialog("reading");
}

if ((charaProp | BluetoothGattCharacteristic.PROPERTY_WRITE) > 0) {
// If there is an active notification on a characteristic, clear
// it first so it doesn't update the data field on the user interface.
if (mNotifyCharacteristic != null) {
mBluetoothLeService.setCharacteristicNotification(
mNotifyCharacteristic, false);
mNotifyCharacteristic = null;
}
mBluetoothLeService.writeCharacteristic(characteristic);
showDialog("writing");
//characteristic.setValue(bytes);
//characteristic.setValue("testing");
//characteristic.setWriteType(BluetoothGattCharacteristic.PERMISSION_WRITE);
}
if ((charaProp | BluetoothGattCharacteristic.PROPERTY_NOTIFY) > 0) {
mNotifyCharacteristic = characteristic;
mBluetoothLeService.setCharacteristicNotification(
characteristic, true);
}

byte[] value = {0x00, (byte) (0xB9) , 0x0D, (byte) (0x90), 0x2F};
if(!characteristic.setValue(value))
{
Log.w(TAG, "Couldn't set characteristic's local value");
//return;
}

characteristic.setWriteType(BluetoothGattCharacteristic.WRITE_TYPE_NO_RESPONSE);
/*if(!writeCharacteristic.writeCharacteristic(characteristic))
{
Log.w(TAG, "Couldn't write characteristic");
}*/

return true;
}
return false;
}
};

Answer

The following code is write characteristic using byte[] data:

    public boolean writeCharacteristic(){

    //check mBluetoothGatt is available
    if (mBluetoothGatt == null) {
        Log.e(TAG, "lost connection");
        return false;
    }
    BluetoothGattService Service = mBluetoothGatt.getService(your Services);
    if (Service == null) {
        Log.e(TAG, "service not found!");
        return false;
    }
    BluetoothGattCharacteristic charac = Service
            .getCharacteristic(your characteristic);
    if (charac == null) {
        Log.e(TAG, "char not found!");
        return false;
    }

    byte[] value = new byte[1];
    value[0] = (byte) (21 & 0xFF);
    charac.setValue(value);
    boolean status = mBluetoothGatt.writeCharacteristic(charac);
    return status;
}
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