Tom Tom - 1 year ago 184
C++ Question

How to asynchronously copy memory from the host to the device using thrust and CUDA streams

I would like to copy memory from the host to the device using thrust as in

thrust::host_vector<float> h_vec(1 << 28);
thrust::device_vector<float> d_vec(1 << 28);
thrust::copy(h_vec.begin(), h_vec.end(), d_vec.begin());

using CUDA streams analogously to how you would copy memory from the device to the device using streams:

cudaStream_t s;

thrust::device_vector<float> d_vec1(1 << 28), d_vec2(1 << 28);
thrust::copy(thrust::cuda::par.on(s), d_vec1.begin(), d_vec1.end(), d_vec2.begin());


The problem is that I can't set the execution policy to CUDA to specify the stream when copying from the host to the device, because, in that case, thrust would assume that both vectors are stored on the device. Is there a way to get around this problem? I'm using the latest thrust version from github (it says 1.8 in the version.h file).

Answer Source

As indicated in the comments, I don't think this will be possible directly with thrust::copy. However we can use cudaMemcpyAsync in a thrust application to achieve the goal of asynchronous copies and overlap of copy with compute.

Here is a worked example:

#include <thrust/host_vector.h>
#include <thrust/device_vector.h>
#include <thrust/system/cuda/experimental/pinned_allocator.h>
#include <thrust/system/cuda/execution_policy.h>
#include <thrust/fill.h>
#include <thrust/sequence.h>
#include <thrust/for_each.h>
#include <iostream>

// DSIZE determines duration of H2D and D2H transfers
#define DSIZE (1048576*8)
// SSIZE,LSIZE determine duration of kernel launched by thrust
#define SSIZE (1024*512)
#define LSIZE 1
// KSIZE determines size of thrust kernels (number of threads per block)
#define KSIZE 64
#define TV1 1
#define TV2 2

typedef int mytype;
typedef thrust::host_vector<mytype, thrust::cuda::experimental::pinned_allocator<mytype> > pinnedVector;

struct sum_functor
  mytype *dptr;
  sum_functor(mytype* _dptr) : dptr(_dptr) {};
  __host__ __device__ void operator()(mytype &data) const
      mytype result = data;
      for (int j = 0; j < LSIZE; j++)
        for (int i = 0; i < SSIZE; i++)
          result += dptr[i];
      data = result;

int main(){

  pinnedVector hi1(DSIZE);
  pinnedVector hi2(DSIZE);
  pinnedVector ho1(DSIZE);
  pinnedVector ho2(DSIZE);
  thrust::device_vector<mytype> di1(DSIZE);
  thrust::device_vector<mytype> di2(DSIZE);
  thrust::device_vector<mytype> do1(DSIZE);
  thrust::device_vector<mytype> do2(DSIZE);
  thrust::device_vector<mytype> dc1(KSIZE);
  thrust::device_vector<mytype> dc2(KSIZE);

  thrust::fill(hi1.begin(), hi1.end(),  TV1);
  thrust::fill(hi2.begin(), hi2.end(),  TV2);
  thrust::sequence(do1.begin(), do1.end());
  thrust::sequence(do2.begin(), do2.end());

  cudaStream_t s1, s2;
  cudaStreamCreate(&s1); cudaStreamCreate(&s2);

  cudaMemcpyAsync(thrust::raw_pointer_cast(, thrust::raw_pointer_cast(, di1.size()*sizeof(mytype), cudaMemcpyHostToDevice, s1);
  cudaMemcpyAsync(thrust::raw_pointer_cast(, thrust::raw_pointer_cast(, di2.size()*sizeof(mytype), cudaMemcpyHostToDevice, s2);

  thrust::for_each(thrust::cuda::par.on(s1), do1.begin(), do1.begin()+KSIZE, sum_functor(thrust::raw_pointer_cast(;
  thrust::for_each(thrust::cuda::par.on(s2), do2.begin(), do2.begin()+KSIZE, sum_functor(thrust::raw_pointer_cast(;

  cudaMemcpyAsync(thrust::raw_pointer_cast(, thrust::raw_pointer_cast(, do1.size()*sizeof(mytype), cudaMemcpyDeviceToHost, s1);
  cudaMemcpyAsync(thrust::raw_pointer_cast(, thrust::raw_pointer_cast(, do2.size()*sizeof(mytype), cudaMemcpyDeviceToHost, s2);

  for (int i=0; i < KSIZE; i++){
    if (ho1[i] != ((LSIZE*SSIZE*TV1) + i)) { std::cout << "mismatch on stream 1 at " << i << " was: " << ho1[i] << " should be: " << ((DSIZE*TV1)+i) << std::endl; return 1;}
    if (ho2[i] != ((LSIZE*SSIZE*TV2) + i)) { std::cout << "mismatch on stream 2 at " << i << " was: " << ho2[i] << " should be: " << ((DSIZE*TV2)+i) << std::endl; return 1;}
  std::cout << "Success!" << std::endl;
  return 0;

For my test case, I used RHEL5.5, Quadro5000, and cuda 6.5RC. This example is designed to have thrust create very small kernels (only a single threadblock, as long as KSIZE is small, say 32 or 64), so that the kernels that thrust creates from thrust::for_each are able to run concurrently.

When I profile this code, I see:

nvvp output for thrust streams application

This indicates that we are achieving proper overlap both between thrust kernels, and between copy operations and thrust kernels, as well as asynchronous data copying at the completion of the kernels. Note that the cudaDeviceSynchronize() operation "fills" the timeline, indicating that all the async operations (data copying, thrust functions) were issued asynchronously and control returned to the host thread before any of the operations were underway. All of this is expected, proper behavior for full concurrency between host, GPU, and data copying operations.

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