Chun ping Wang Chun ping Wang - 3 months ago 18
Java Question

Regular expression matching fully qualified class names

What is the best way to match fully qualified Java class name in a text?

Examples:

java.lang.Reflect
,
java.util.ArrayList
,
org.hibernate.Hibernate
.

Answer

A Java fully qualified class name (lets say "N") has the structure

N.N.N.N

The "N" part must be a Java identifier. Java identifiers cannot start with a number, but after the initial character they may use any combination of letters and digits, underscores or dollar signs:

([a-zA-Z_$][a-zA-Z\d_$]*\.)*[a-zA-Z_$][a-zA-Z\d_$]*
------------------------    -----------------------
          N                           N

They can also not be a reserved word (like import, true or null). If you want to check plausibility only, the above is enough. If you also want to check validity, you must check against a list of reserved words as well.

Java identifiers may contain any Unicode letter instead of "latin only". If you want to check for this as well, use Unicode character classes:

([\p{Letter}_$][\p{Letter}\p{Number}_$]*\.)*[\p{Letter}_$][\p{Letter}\p{Number}_$]*

or, for short

([\p{L}_$][\p{L}\p{N}_$]*\.)*[\p{L}_$][\p{L}\p{N}_$]*

The Java Language Specification, (section 3.8) has all details about valid identifier names.

Also see the answer to this question: Java Unicode variable names