Farhan Shah Farhan Shah - 3 months ago 48
JSON Question

Android How can I read json file(text file) from SD Card and display data into textview

I have the following textfile into my SdCard.now i want to parse this file via Json parser,and i want to parse and read this file and display data into my textview,how i can do this?

{
"data": [
{
"id": "1",
"title": "Farhan Shah",
"duration": 10,
},
{
"id": "2",
"title": "Noman Shah",
"duration": 10,
},
{
"id": "3",
"title": "Ahmad Shah",
"duration": 10,
},
{
"id": "4",
"title": "Mohsin Shah",
"duration": 10,
},
{
"id": "5",
"title": "Haris Shah",
"duration": 10,
}
]

}


This is the code:

File sdcard = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory();

//Get the text file

File file = new File(sdcard,"textarabics.txt");

String UTF8 = "utf8";
int BUFFER_SIZE = 8192;


//Read text from file
StringBuilder text = new StringBuilder();


i get the file,but now i have no idea that how i can parse the data?

Answer

Read the JSON file using File from SD card and use JSONObject to parse it.

Here a starting code:

    import org.json.JSONArray;
import org.json.JSONException;
import org.json.JSONObject;

public class ReadJsonFile {
public ReadFile (){ 
            try {
            File yourFile = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory(), "path/to/the/file/inside_the_sdcard/textarabics.txt");
            FileInputStream stream = new FileInputStream(yourFile);
            String jsonStr = null;
            try {
                FileChannel fc = stream.getChannel();
                MappedByteBuffer bb = fc.map(FileChannel.MapMode.READ_ONLY, 0, fc.size());

                jsonStr = Charset.defaultCharset().decode(bb).toString();
              }
              catch(Exception e){
              e.printStackTrace();
              }
              finally {
                stream.close();
              }
/*  String jsonStr = "{\n\"data\": [\n    {\n        \"id\": \"1\",\n        \"title\": \"Farhan Shah\",\n        \"duration\": 10\n    },\n    {\n        \"id\": \"2\",\n        \"title\": \"Noman Shah\",\n        \"duration\": 10\n    },\n    {\n        \"id\": \"3\",\n        \"title\": \"Ahmad Shah\",\n        \"duration\": 10\n    },\n    {\n        \"id\": \"4\",\n        \"title\": \"Mohsin Shah\",\n        \"duration\": 10\n    },\n    {\n        \"id\": \"5\",\n        \"title\": \"Haris Shah\",\n        \"duration\": 10\n    }\n  ]\n\n}\n";
  */     
                 JSONObject jsonObj = new JSONObject(jsonStr);

                // Getting data JSON Array nodes
                JSONArray data  = jsonObj.getJSONArray("data");

                // looping through All nodes
                for (int i = 0; i < data.length(); i++) {
                    JSONObject c = data.getJSONObject(i);

                    String id = c.getString("id");
                    String title = c.getString("title");
                    String duration = c.getString("duration");
                    //use >  int id = c.getInt("duration"); if you want get an int


                    // tmp hashmap for single node
                    HashMap<String, String> parsedData = new HashMap<String, String>();

                    // adding each child node to HashMap key => value
                    parsedData.put("id", id);
                    parsedData.put("title", title);
                    parsedData.put("duration", duration);


                    // do what do you want on your interface
                  }


           } catch (Exception e) {
           e.printStackTrace();
          }
     }
}

Ddon't forget to add read storage on your mainfest:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />
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