Slavatron - 4 months ago 378

Python Question

I have a dataframe containing a single column of IDs and all other columns are numerical values for which I want to compute z-scores. Here's a subsection of it:

`ID Age BMI Risk Factor`

PT 6 48 19.3 4

PT 8 43 20.9 NaN

PT 2 39 18.1 3

PT 9 41 19.5 NaN

Some of my columns contain NaN values which I do not want to include into the z-score calculations so I intend to use a solution offered to this question: how to zscore normalize pandas column with nans?

`df['zscore'] = (df.a - df.a.mean())/df.a.std(ddof=0)`

I'm interested in applying this solution to all of my columns except the ID column to produce a new dataframe which I can save as an Excel file using

`df2.to_excel("Z-Scores.xlsx")`

So basically; how can I compute z-scores for each column (ignoring NaN values) and push everything into a new dataframe?

SIDENOTE: there is a concept in pandas called "indexing" which intimidates me because I do not understand it well. If indexing is a crucial part of solving this problem, please dumb down your explanation of indexing.

Answer

Build a list from the columns and remove the column you don't want to calculate the Z score for:

```
In [66]:
cols = list(df.columns)
cols.remove('ID')
df[cols]
Out[66]:
Age BMI Risk Factor
0 6 48 19.3 4
1 8 43 20.9 NaN
2 2 39 18.1 3
3 9 41 19.5 NaN
In [68]:
# now iterate over the remaining columns and create a new zscore column
for col in cols:
col_zscore = col + '_zscore'
df[col_zscore] = (df[col] - df[col].mean())/df[col].std(ddof=0)
df
Out[68]:
ID Age BMI Risk Factor Age_zscore BMI_zscore Risk_zscore \
0 PT 6 48 19.3 4 -0.093250 1.569614 -0.150946
1 PT 8 43 20.9 NaN 0.652753 0.074744 1.459148
2 PT 2 39 18.1 3 -1.585258 -1.121153 -1.358517
3 PT 9 41 19.5 NaN 1.025755 -0.523205 0.050315
Factor_zscore
0 1
1 NaN
2 -1
3 NaN
```