andre andre - 23 days ago 8
C++ Question

Sum of 4 integers in 4 arrays

Given four lists A, B, C, D of integer values, compute how many tuples (i, j, k, l) there are such that A[i] + B[j] + C[k] + D[l] is zero.

To make problem a bit easier, all A, B, C, D have same length of N where 0 ≤ N ≤ 500. All integers are in the range of -228 to 228 - 1 and the result is guaranteed to be at most 231 - 1.

Example:

Input:
A = [ 1, 2]
B = [-2,-1]
C = [-1, 2]
D = [ 0, 2]


Output:
2

Explanation:
The two tuples are:

1. (0, 0, 0, 1) -> A[0] + B[0] + C[0] + D[1] = 1 + (-2) + (-1) + 2 = 0
2. (1, 1, 0, 0) -> A[1] + B[1] + C[0] + D[0] = 2 + (-1) + (-1) + 0 = 0


I just came up with a solution that concatenates all the vectors and find the 4 sum. But I know there is a better solution. Would someone explain a better solution ? I just see codes using O(N^2) but I can't understand it.

Answer

This was my O(n^2) solution:

The core idea is - if W + X + Y + Z = 0 then W + X = -(Y + Z).

int fourSumCount(vector<int>& A, vector<int>& B, vector<int>& C, vector<int>& D) {
    int n = A.size();
    int result = 0;
    unordered_map<int,int> sumMap1;
    unordered_map<int,int> sumMap2;

    for(int i = 0; i < n; ++i) {
        for(int j = 0; j < n; ++j) {
            int sum1 = A[i] + B[j];
            int sum2 = C[i] + D[j];
            sumMap1[sum1]++;
            sumMap2[sum2]++;
        }
    }
    for(auto num1 : sumMap1) {
        int number = num1.first;
        if(sumMap2.find(-1 * number) != sumMap2.end()) {
            result += num1.second * sumMap2[-1 * number];
        }
    }
    return result;
}

I am going to add some explanation.