hans glick - 1 year ago 77
R Question

# Why a row of my matrix is a list? R

I got a list of matrices X rows by 2 columns, called list_of_matrices_by2

``````list_of_matrices_by2[1:3]
[[1]]
[,1]   [,2]
[1,] "7204" "d"
[2,] "7204" "a"

[[2]]
[,1]   [,2]
[1,] "2032" "b"
[2,] "2032" "e"
[3,] "2032" "a"

[[3]]
[,1]  [,2]
[1,] "802" "d"
[2,] "802" "b"
``````

I want to stack all my matrices in a all_pairs matrix, so I did this

``````all_pairs=do.call(rbind,list_of_matrices_by2)
all_pairs[1:10]
[,1]   [,2]
[1,] "7204" "d"
[2,] "7204" "a"
[3,] "2032" "b"
[4,] "2032" "e"
[5,] "2032" "a"
[6,] "802"  "d"
[7,] "802"  "b"
[8,] "4674" "c"
[9,] "4674" "a"
[10,] "3886" "b"
class(all_pairs)
[1] "matrix"
``````

For some reason, I need the rows of this matrix to be of class matrix. But it shouldn't be a problem since rows of matrix are matrix in R, right. But no!

``````all_pairs[1,]
[[1]]
[1] "7204"

[[2]]
[1] "d
``````

So here are my questions :
1) Why this? How come a row of a matrix can possibly be a list?
2) What would you do to make it work, i.e. each row of my matrix has to be a matrix?

I am sure that your `list_of_matrices_by2` is like:

``````x <- list(matrix(list("7204","7204","d","a"), ncol = 2),
matrix(list("2032","2032","2032","b","e","a"), ncol = 2),
matrix(list("802","802","d","b"), ncol = 2))

#[[1]]
#     [,1]   [,2]
#[1,] "7204" "d"
#[2,] "7204" "a"

#[[2]]
#     [,1]   [,2]
#[1,] "2032" "b"
#[2,] "2032" "e"
#[3,] "2032" "a"

#[[3]]
#     [,1]  [,2]
#[1,] "802" "d"
#[2,] "802" "b"

unlist(lapply(x, class))
# [1] "matrix" "matrix" "matrix"

unlist(lapply(x, mode))
# [1] "list" "list" "list"
``````

So you do have a matrix, but it is not a matrix of list instead of numeric. You can perform `rbind` as usual:

``````y <- do.call(rbind, x)
#     [,1]   [,2]
#[1,] "7204" "d"
#[2,] "7204" "a"
#[3,] "2032" "b"
#[4,] "2032" "e"
#[5,] "2032" "a"
#[6,] "802"  "d"
#[7,] "802"  "b"
``````

It has class "matrix", but still with mode "list". That is why when you extract the first row you get a list:

``````y[1, ]
#[[1]]
#[1] "7204"

#[[2]]
#[1] "d"
``````

I don't know how you obtain those matrices. If you can control the generation process, it would be good that you end up with matrices of numeric. If you can not control it, you need convert them manually as below:

``````x <- lapply(x, function (u) matrix(unlist(u), ncol = 2))
unlist(lapply(x, mode))
# [1] "character" "character" "character"
``````

Then you can do

``````do.call(rbind, x)
``````

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