lcardito lcardito - 7 months ago 18
Java Question

Java 8 grouping using custom collector?

I have the following class.

class Person {

String name;
LocalDate birthday;
Sex gender;
String emailAddress;

public int getAge() {
return birthday.until(IsoChronology.INSTANCE.dateNow()).getYears();
}

public String getName() {
return name;
}
}


I'd like to be able to group by age and then collect the list of the persons names rather than the Person object itself; all in a single nice lamba expression.

To simplify all of this I am linking my current solution that store the result of the grouping by age and then iterates over it to collect the names.

ArrayList<OtherPerson> members = new ArrayList<>();

members.add(new OtherPerson("Fred", IsoChronology.INSTANCE.date(1980, 6, 20), OtherPerson.Sex.MALE, "fred@example.com"));
members.add(new OtherPerson("Jane", IsoChronology.INSTANCE.date(1990, 7, 15), OtherPerson.Sex.FEMALE, "jane@example.com"));
members.add(new OtherPerson("Mark", IsoChronology.INSTANCE.date(1990, 7, 15), OtherPerson.Sex.MALE, "mark@example.com"));
members.add(new OtherPerson("George", IsoChronology.INSTANCE.date(1991, 8, 13), OtherPerson.Sex.MALE, "george@example.com"));
members.add(new OtherPerson("Bob", IsoChronology.INSTANCE.date(2000, 9, 12), OtherPerson.Sex.MALE, "bob@example.com"));

Map<Integer, List<Person>> collect = members.stream().collect(groupingBy(Person::getAge));

Map<Integer, List<String>> result = new HashMap<>();

collect.keySet().forEach(key -> {
result.put(key, collect.get(key).stream().map(Person::getName).collect(toList()));
});


Current solution

Not ideal and for the sake of learning I'd like to have a more elegant and performing solution.

Answer

When grouping a Stream with Collectors.groupingBy, you can specify a reduction operation on the values with a custom Collector. Here, we need to use Collectors.mapping, which takes a function (what the mapping is) and a collector (how to collect the mapped values). In this case the mapping is Person::getName, i.e. a method reference that returns the name of the Person, and we collect that into a List.

Map<Integer, List<String>> collect = 
    members.stream()
           .collect(Collectors.groupingBy(
               Person::getAge,
               Collectors.mapping(Person::getName, Collectors.toList()))
           );
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