Rahul Rahul - 4 months ago 8
C Question

Find Pythagorean triplet for which a + b + c = 1000

A Pythagorean triplet is a set of three natural numbers, a < b < c, for which,
a2 + b2 = c2

For example, 32 + 42 = 9 + 16 = 25 = 52.

There exists exactly one Pythagorean triplet for which a + b + c = 1000.
Find the product abc.

Source: http://projecteuler.net/index.php?section=problems&id=9

I tried but didn't know where my code went wrong. Here's my code in C:

#include <math.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <conio.h>


void main()
{
int a=0, b=0, c=0;
int i;
for (a = 0; a<=1000; a++)
{
for (b = 0; b<=1000; b++)
{
for (c = 0; c<=1000; c++)
{
if ((a^(2) + b^(2) == c^(2)) && ((a+b+c) ==1000)))
printf("a=%d, b=%d, c=%d",a,b,c);
}
}
}
getch();
}

Answer
#include <math.h>
#include <stdio.h>

int main()
{
    const int sum = 1000;
    int a;
    for (a = 1; a <= sum/3; a++)
    {
        int b;
        for (b = a + 1; b <= sum/2; b++)
        {
            int c = sum - a - b;
            if ( a*a + b*b == c*c )
               printf("a=%d, b=%d, c=%d\n",a,b,c);
        }
    }
    return 0;
}

explanation:

  • b = a;
    if a, b (a <= b)) and c are the Pythagorean triplet,
    then b, a (b >= a) and c - also the solution, so we can search only one case
  • c = 1000 - a -b; it's one of the conditions of the problem (don't need to scan all possible 'c': just calculate it)