Hangon Hangon - 2 months ago 27
Python Question

How to replace negative numbers in Pandas Data Frame by zero

I would like to know if there is someway of replacing all DataFrame negative numbers by zeros?

Answer

If all your columns are numeric, you can use boolean indexing:

In [1]: import pandas as pd

In [2]: df = pd.DataFrame({'a': [0, -1, 2], 'b': [-3, 2, 1]})

In [3]: df
Out[3]: 
   a  b
0  0 -3
1 -1  2
2  2  1

In [4]: df[df < 0] = 0

In [5]: df
Out[5]: 
   a  b
0  0  0
1  0  2
2  2  1

For the more general case, this answer shows the private method _get_numeric_data:

In [1]: import pandas as pd

In [2]: df = pd.DataFrame({'a': [0, -1, 2], 'b': [-3, 2, 1],
                           'c': ['foo', 'goo', 'bar']})

In [3]: df
Out[3]: 
   a  b    c
0  0 -3  foo
1 -1  2  goo
2  2  1  bar

In [4]: num = df._get_numeric_data()

In [5]: num[num < 0] = 0

In [6]: df
Out[6]: 
   a  b    c
0  0  0  foo
1  0  2  goo
2  2  1  bar

With timedelta type, boolean indexing seems to work on separate columns, but not on the whole dataframe. So you can do:

In [1]: import pandas as pd

In [2]: df = pd.DataFrame({'a': pd.to_timedelta([0, -1, 2], 'd'),
   ...:                    'b': pd.to_timedelta([-3, 2, 1], 'd')})

In [3]: df
Out[3]: 
        a       b
0  0 days -3 days
1 -1 days  2 days
2  2 days  1 days

In [4]: for k, v in df.iteritems():
   ...:     v[v < 0] = 0
   ...:     

In [5]: df
Out[5]: 
       a      b
0 0 days 0 days
1 0 days 2 days
2 2 days 1 days

Update: comparison with a pd.Timedelta works on the whole DataFrame:

In [1]: import pandas as pd

In [2]: df = pd.DataFrame({'a': pd.to_timedelta([0, -1, 2], 'd'),
   ...:                    'b': pd.to_timedelta([-3, 2, 1], 'd')})

In [3]: df[df < pd.Timedelta(0)] = 0

In [4]: df
Out[4]: 
       a      b
0 0 days 0 days
1 0 days 2 days
2 2 days 1 days
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