Aditi Aditi - 3 years ago 181
jQuery Question

How to fix "$ is not defined" error when unit testing Jquery with Typescript using Mocha?

I am writing Mocha unit tests for Typescript code containing Jquery. I'm using jsdom for getting the document object. When I compile my TS code to JS and run the tests, it throws an error [ReferenceError: $ is not defined].

My Typescript code is here

export function hello(element) : void {
$(element).toggleClass('abc');
};


My unit test code is as follows:

import {hello} from '../src/dummy';

var expect = require('chai').expect;
var jsdom = require('jsdom');
var document = jsdom.jsdom();
var window = document.defaultView;

var $ = require('jquery')(window);

describe('TEST NAME', () => {

it('should run', (done) => {
hello($('div'));
done();
});
});


When I run Mocha test it shows

<failure message="$ is not defined"><![CDATA[ReferenceError: $ is not defined ...
]]></failure>


Also tried using global.$ = require("jquery"); but does not work.

Answer Source

jQuery has to be available globally because your script gets it from the global space. If I modify your code so that var $ = require('jquery')(window); is replaced by:

global.$ = require('jquery')(window);

then it works. Note the two calls: 1st to require jquery, then to build it by passing window. You could alternatively do:

global.window = window
global.$ = require('jquery');

If window is available globally, then there is no need to perform the double call as in the first snippet: jQuery just uses the globally available window.

You probably also want to define global.jQuery since some scripts count on its presence.

Here is a full example of a test file that runs:

/// <reference path="../typings/mocha/mocha.d.ts" />
/// <reference path="../typings/chai/chai.d.ts" />
/// <reference path="../typings/jsdom/jsdom.d.ts" />
/// <reference path="./global.d.ts" />

import {hello} from './dummy';

import chai = require('chai');
var expect = chai.expect;
import jsdom = require('jsdom');
var document = jsdom.jsdom("");
var window = document.defaultView;

global.window = window
global.$ = require('jquery');

describe('TEST NAME', () => {

    it('should run', (done) => {
        hello($('div'));
        done();
    });
});

The typings files are obtained the usual way using tsd. The file ./global.d.ts fixes the issue you may get with setting new values on global. It contains:

declare namespace NodeJS {
    interface Global {
      window: any;
      $: any;
    }
}

dummy.js was also modified like this:

declare var $: any;

export function hello(element) : void {
    $(element).toggleClass('abc');
};
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