mpen mpen - 4 months ago 10
JSON Question

JSON formatter in C#?

Looking for a function that will take a

string
of Json as input and format it with line breaks and indentations. Validation would be a bonus, but isn't necessary, and I don't need to parse it into an object or anything.

Anyone know of such a library?




Sample input:

{"status":"OK", "results":[ {"types":[ "locality", "political"], "formatted_address":"New York, NY, USA", "address_components":[ {"long_name":"New York", "short_name":"New York", "types":[ "locality", "political"]}, {"long_name":"New York", "short_name":"New York", "types":[ "administrative_area_level_2", "political"]}, {"long_name":"New York", "short_name":"NY", "types":[ "administrative_area_level_1", "political"]}, {"long_name":"United States", "short_name":"US", "types":[ "country", "political"]}], "geometry":{"location":{"lat":40.7143528, "lng":-74.0059731}, "location_type":"APPROXIMATE", "viewport":{"southwest":{"lat":40.5788964, "lng":-74.2620919}, "northeast":{"lat":40.8495342, "lng":-73.7498543}}, "bounds":{"southwest":{"lat":40.4773990, "lng":-74.2590900}, "northeast":{"lat":40.9175770, "lng":-73.7002720}}}}]}

Answer

I updated the old version, now it should support unquoted values such as integers and booleans.

I refactored the previous version and got the final version: The code is shorter and cleaner. Only require one extension method. The most important: fixed some bugs.

class JsonHelper
{
    private const string INDENT_STRING = "    ";
    public static string FormatJson(string str)
    {
        var indent = 0;
        var quoted = false;
        var sb = new StringBuilder();
        for (var i = 0; i < str.Length; i++)
        {
            var ch = str[i];
            switch (ch)
            {
                case '{':
                case '[':
                    sb.Append(ch);
                    if (!quoted)
                    {
                        sb.AppendLine();
                        Enumerable.Range(0, ++indent).ForEach(item => sb.Append(INDENT_STRING));
                    }
                    break;
                case '}':
                case ']':
                    if (!quoted)
                    {
                        sb.AppendLine();
                        Enumerable.Range(0, --indent).ForEach(item => sb.Append(INDENT_STRING));
                    }
                    sb.Append(ch);
                    break;
                case '"':
                    sb.Append(ch);
                    bool escaped = false;
                    var index = i;
                    while (index > 0 && str[--index] == '\\')
                        escaped = !escaped;
                    if (!escaped)
                        quoted = !quoted;
                    break;
                case ',':
                    sb.Append(ch);
                    if (!quoted)
                    {
                        sb.AppendLine();
                        Enumerable.Range(0, indent).ForEach(item => sb.Append(INDENT_STRING));
                    }
                    break;
                case ':':
                    sb.Append(ch);
                    if (!quoted)
                        sb.Append(" ");
                    break;
                default:
                    sb.Append(ch);
                    break;
            }
        }
        return sb.ToString();
    }
}

static class Extensions
{
    public static void ForEach<T>(this IEnumerable<T> ie, Action<T> action)
    {
        foreach (var i in ie)
        {
            action(i);
        }
    }
}