learn_learn learn_learn - 1 year ago 74
Linux Question

Why count differs between ls and ls -l linux command?

I had a directory with number of files so i like to know about the count of files present in a directory.

I Tried the following two commands:

1) ls|wc -l

2) ls -l|wc -l

Later found the differences in the count while using both commands.(ie. number of files is greater in the usage of second command while comparing with the first command)

I would like to know the changes happening in the both commands.

Answer Source

From man ls:

-l      (The lowercase letter ``ell''.)  List in long format.  (See below.)  If the output is to a terminal, a total sum for all the file sizes is output on a line before the
         long listing.

So ls -l adds a header line stating the "total" size of files:

$ ls -l /
total 65
-r--r--r--   1 root  wheel  6197 May 11 21:57 COPYRIGHT
drwxr-xr-x   2 root  wheel  1024 Jun  1 16:02 bin
drwxr-xr-x   9 root  wheel  1536 Jun  1 16:02 boot
dr-xr-xr-x   8 root  wheel   512 Jul  7 20:16 dev