Akusete Akusete - 1 year ago 123
C++ Question

initializing std::string from char* without copy

I have a situation where I need to process large (many GB's) amounts of data as such:

  1. build a large string by appending many smaller (C char*) strings

  2. trim the string

  3. convert the string into a C++ const std::string for processing (read only)

  4. repeat

The data in each iteration are independent.

My question is, I'd like to minimise (if possible eliminate) heap allocated memory usage, as it at the moment is my largest performance problem.

Is there a way to convert a C string (char*) into a stl C++ string (std::string) without requiring std::string to internally alloc/copy the data?

Alternatively, could I use stringstreams or something similar to re-use a large buffer?

Edit: Thanks for the answers, for clarity, I think a revised question would be:

How can I build (via multiple appends) a stl C++ string efficiently. And if performing this action in a loop, where each loop is totally independant, how can I re-use thisallocated space.

Answer Source

Is it at all possible to use a C++ string in step 1? If you use string::reserve(size_t), you can allocate a large enough buffer to prevent multiple heap allocations while appending the smaller strings, and then you can just use that same C++ string throughout all of the remaining steps.

See this link for more information on the reserve function.

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