Having the following file:
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 887 Aug 25 13:18 /etc/ssl/private/livereload.key
$ cat /etc/ssl/private/livereload.key
cat: /etc/ssl/private/livereload.key: Permission denied
default permissions are as below on /etc/ssl. So others can not read this directory. root user or group member of ssl-cert can only read this file, if default permissions not been changed.
ls -alrt /etc/ssl/ drwx--x--- 2 root ssl-cert 4096 Dec 19 2014 private user@host:/etc/ssl$ cd /etc/ssl/private/ bash: cd: /etc/ssl/private/: Permission denied
you can use this;
sudo cat /etc/ssl/private/livereload.key