Pekka 웃 Pekka 웃 - 1 month ago 7
CSS Question

Embedded <image> not rendered when using SVG as background-image

I have an SVG image with an illustration of a cloud.

enter image description here

The cloud is going to be used in several weather icons. I have another SVG file that embeds the cloud illustration and adds another graphical element, a circle.

Now, this main SVG file shows up fine when I open it directly in the browser:

enter image description here

However, when I use the file as a

background-image
, the cloud is not rendered:

enter image description here

Here's a JSFiddle.

What the heck?


  • It shouldn't be a relative path issue because the image shows up fine when I call the main SVG in the browser (and I tried using an absolute path to no avail)

  • It's not a clipping issue - if you change the
    background-size
    property in the JSFiddle, you'll see the entire image area is rendered, just without the cloud.

  • The cloud was generated by Adobe Illustrator and not optimized yet, but seems to look ok.



This is the main SVG's markup:

<svg width="100%" height="100%" viewBox="0 0 200 200" version="1.1"
xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg"
xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink">
<circle cx="0" cy="-0" r="30" style="fill:red" />
<image x="12" y="12" width="20" height="40" xlink:href="elements/cloud.svg" />
</svg>


What am I doing wrong?

I've tested this in Safari 9.1.2 and latest Chrome on OS X, with the same result.

Answer

All SVGs that are inserted as images (through the img tag or as a background-image) cannot reference external files. So if you have an external CSS stylesheet, a custom font, or as in your case an external image, it won't work.

The solution would be to embed the image data within the xlink:href attribute:

<svg width="100%" height="100%" viewBox="0 0 200 200" version="1.1"
     xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg"
     xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink">
  <circle cx="0" cy="-0" r="30" style="fill:red" />
  <image x="12" y="12" width="20" height="40" xlink:href="data:image/svg+xml,%0A%3Csvg%20id%3D%22Ebene_1%22%20data-name%3D%22Ebene%201%22%20xmlns%3D%22http%3A%2F%2Fwww.w3.org%2F2000%2Fsvg%22%20xmlns%3Axlink%3D%22http%3A%2F%2Fwww.w3.org%2F1999%2Fxlink%22%20viewBox%3D%220%200%20284%20179%22%3E%3Cdefs%3E%3Cstyle%3E.cls-1%7Bfill%3Anone%3B%7D.cls-2%7Bclip-path%3Aurl(%23clip-path)%3B%7D.cls-3%7Bfill%3A%23508f9e%3B%7D%3C%2Fstyle%3E%3CclipPath%20id%3D%22clip-path%22%20transform%3D%22translate(-278.44%20-208.09)%22%3E%3Crect%20class%3D%22cls-1%22%20x%3D%22279.44%22%20y%3D%22207.09%22%20width%3D%22284%22%20height%3D%22179%22%2F%3E%3C%2FclipPath%3E%3C%2Fdefs%3E%3Ctitle%3Ecloud%3C%2Ftitle%3E%3Cg%20class%3D%22cls-2%22%3E%3Cg%20id%3D%22TK6tin%22%3E%3Cpath%20class%3D%22cls-3%22%20d%3D%22M562.44%2C302.09c-4.19%2C9-7.71%2C18.44-13.39%2C26.63-9.1%2C13.12-21.26%2C22.65-35.52%2C30.06C497.65%2C367%2C481%2C372.3%2C463.34%2C373.68c-17%2C1.33-32.1-3.68-43.58-16.9-3-3.43-4.87-2.72-7.56-.06-6%2C5.92-11.9%2C11.83-19.1%2C16.52-9.22%2C6-19.37%2C9.45-29.58%2C13a4.17%2C4.17%2C0%2C0%2C0-1.09.89h-19c-7.91-2.63-15.56-5.83-21.8-11.53a10%2C10%2C0%2C0%2C0-6.55-2.63c-15.38-1.29-32.37-10.18-35.09-28.87-0.38-2.61.39-5.62-1.56-8v-5c2.09-3.79%2C1.2-8.2%2C2.85-12.26%2C2.87-7.07%2C8.91-9.62%2C15-11.45%2C5.41-1.62%2C9.87-3%2C11.87-9%2C3.9-11.71%2C12.39-17.5%2C24.66-17.08%2C5.43%2C0.18%2C7.92-1.18%2C10.39-6.77%2C4.51-10.24%2C12-18.52%2C21.06-25.77A171.48%2C171.48%2C0%2C0%2C1%2C398.75%2C227c20.39-9.63%2C41.2-17.45%2C64.13-17.83%2C1%2C0%2C2%2C.11%2C2.55-1.06h7c2.35%2C2.26%2C5.3.64%2C7.93%2C1.21%2C13%2C2.81%2C25.88%2C6.08%2C37.28%2C13.42%2C8.3%2C5.35%2C17.12%2C10.07%2C23.36%2C18a94%2C94%2C0%2C0%2C1%2C10.57%2C17.12c4.56%2C9.4%2C9.31%2C18.73%2C10.86%2C29.24v15ZM318.12%2C365.24c1.49%2C0.13%2C1.71%2C1.24%2C2.29%2C2a37.42%2C37.42%2C0%2C0%2C0%2C25.1%2C14.71c15%2C2%2C28.63-2.48%2C41.61-9.82C397.41%2C366.3%2C405%2C357.4%2C413.92%2C350c2.08-1.74%2C3.65-2.89%2C5.66-.08%2C12.35%2C17.29%2C30.17%2C21.51%2C49.68%2C19a127.56%2C127.56%2C0%2C0%2C0%2C54.87-21c16.7-11.17%2C26.73-27.07%2C33.68-45.37%2C0.68-1.8.5-3.59%2C0.63-5.41%2C1.16-16.58-6.55-30.39-13.88-44.3a39.91%2C39.91%2C0%2C0%2C0-7.73-10.86c-13.58-12.69-28.91-22-47.27-26.37-15.43-3.68-30.69-3.42-46.1-.72-15.69%2C2.75-30.25%2C8.85-44.45%2C15.69-23.79%2C11.46-45.28%2C25.58-54.66%2C52.22a3.16%2C3.16%2C0%2C0%2C1-3.27%2C2.38c-3.81.17-7.6%2C0.73-11.42%2C1-9.24.54-15.85%2C4.7-17.71%2C13.68-1.27%2C6.13-4.13%2C9-9.56%2C10.64-1.3.39-2.6%2C0.42-3.85%2C0.75-5.69%2C1.52-11.51%2C3.66-13.65%2C9.54-4.64%2C12.77-2.74%2C26.7%2C6.27%2C37.43%2C6%2C7.19%2C14.75%2C9.64%2C23.74%2C10.93%2C0.84%2C0.12%2C1.74%2C1.26%2C2.8.06C317.92%2C368%2C316.87%2C366.61%2C318.12%2C365.24Z%22%20transform%3D%22translate(-278.44%20-208.09)%22%2F%3E%3C%2Fg%3E%3C%2Fg%3E%3C%2Fsvg%3E" />
</svg>