ADD ADD - 1 month ago 28
Android Question

Compile and use ABI-dependent executable binaries in Android with Android Studio 2.2 and CMake

I'm testing out the new Android Studio C/C++ building via CMake through stable gradle (http://tools.android.com/tech-docs/external-c-builds).

In my app, an already rooted device needs to use an ABI-dependent binary that I compile inside Android Studio.

When I try to compile a standard library with

add_library(mylib SHARED mylib.c)


it gets automatically compiled and copied inside the lib/[ABI] folder of the APK (e.g. /lib/armeabi/mylib.so) but if I compile an executable binary with:

add_executable(mybinary mybinary.cpp)


binaries are corectly generated inside the build folder:

app/build/intermediates/cmake/debug/lib/armeabi/mybinary
app/build/intermediates/cmake/debug/lib/x86_64/mybinary
...


but they do not seem to be copied anywhere inside the apk.

Which is the correct way to handle this need? Is a gradle-task the way to go?

build.gradle:

apply plugin: 'com.android.application'

android {
compileSdkVersion 24
buildToolsVersion "24.0.1"
defaultConfig {
applicationId "com.my.app"
minSdkVersion 10
targetSdkVersion 24
versionCode 1
versionName "1.0"
testInstrumentationRunner "android.support.test.runner.AndroidJUnitRunner"
externalNativeBuild {
cmake {
cppFlags ""
}
}
}
buildTypes {
release {
minifyEnabled false
proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt'), 'proguard-rules.pro'
}
}
externalNativeBuild{
cmake{
path "CMakeLists.txt"
}
}

defaultConfig {
externalNativeBuild {
cmake {
targets "
arguments "-DANDROID_TOOLCHAIN=clang", "-DANDROID_PLATFORM=android-21"
cFlags "-DTEST_C_FLAG1", "-DTEST_C_FLAG2"
cppFlags "-DTEST_CPP_FLAG2", "-DTEST_CPP_FLAG2"
abiFilters 'x86', 'x86_64', 'armeabi', 'armeabi-v7a'
}
}
}
}

dependencies {
compile fileTree(dir: 'libs', include: ['*.jar'])
androidTestCompile('com.android.support.test.espresso:espresso-core:2.2.2', {
exclude group: 'com.android.support', module: 'support-annotations'
})
testCompile 'junit:junit:4.12'
compile 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:24.1.1'
compile 'com.android.support:design:24.1.1'
compile 'com.android.support:recyclerview-v7:24.1.1'
compile 'eu.chainfire:libsuperuser:1.0.0.201607041850'
}


CMakeLists.txt

cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 3.4.1)

set(CMAKE_VERBOSE_MAKEFILE on)

add_executable(mybinary ${CMAKE_CURRENT_SOURCE_DIR}/mybinary.cpp)
target_link_libraries( mybinary libcustom)
target_include_directories (mybinary PUBLIC ${CMAKE_CURRENT_SOURCE_DIR})


mybinary.cpp

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string>
#include <iostream>

using namespace std;

int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {

string hello = "Hello from C++";
cout << "Message from native code: " << hello << "\n";

return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}


How the app should interact with mybinary:

import eu.chainfire.libsuperuser.Shell;
...
Shell.SU.run("/path/to/mybinary");

ADD ADD
Answer

Ok, I've found a solution that seems to by quite comfortable but probably there are more proper ways out there;

CMakeLists.txt is by default placed inside myAppProject/app so I've added this line to CMakeLists.txt:

set(EXECUTABLE_OUTPUT_PATH      "${CMAKE_CURRENT_SOURCE_DIR}/src/main/assets/${ANDROID_ABI}")

complete CMakeLists.txt:

cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 3.4.1)

set(CMAKE_VERBOSE_MAKEFILE on)

# set binary output folder to Android assets folder
set(EXECUTABLE_OUTPUT_PATH      "${CMAKE_CURRENT_SOURCE_DIR}/src/main/assets/${ANDROID_ABI}")

add_executable(mybinary ${CMAKE_CURRENT_SOURCE_DIR}/mybinary.cpp)
target_link_libraries( mybinary libcustom)
target_include_directories (mybinary PUBLIC ${CMAKE_CURRENT_SOURCE_DIR})

Doing so, any executable binary is compiled directly into assets folder, inside a subfolder whose name is the target ABI, eg:

assets/armeabi/mybinary
assets/x86_64/mybinary
... 

In order to use the proper binary inside the App, the correct binary should be selected:

String abi;
if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.LOLLIPOP) {
    abi = Build.SUPPORTED_ABIS[0];
} else {
    //noinspection deprecation
    abi = Build.CPU_ABI;
}
String folder;
if (abi.contains("armeabi-v7a")) {
    folder = "armeabi-v7a";
} else if (abi.contains("x86_64")) {
    folder = "x86_64";
} else if (abi.contains("x86")) {
    folder = "x86";
} else if (abi.contains("armeabi")) {
    folder = "armeabi";
}
...
AssetManager assetManager = getAssets();
InputStream in = assetManager.open(folder+"/" + "mybinary");

Then, the binary should be copied away from assets folder with the correct execute permissions:

OutputStream out = context.openFileOutput("mybinary", MODE_PRIVATE);
long size = 0;
int nRead;
while ((nRead = in.read(buff)) != -1) {
    out.write(buff, 0, nRead);
    size += nRead;
}
out.flush();
Log.d(TAG, "Copy success: " +  " + size + " bytes");
File execFile = new File(context.getFilesDir()+"/mybinary");
execFile.setExecutable(true);

That's all!

UPDATE: gradle.build file:

apply plugin: 'com.android.application'

android {
    compileSdkVersion 25
    buildToolsVersion "25"
    defaultConfig {
        applicationId "com.myapp.example"
        minSdkVersion 10
        targetSdkVersion 25
        versionCode 1
        versionName "1.0"
        testInstrumentationRunner "android.support.test.runner.AndroidJUnitRunner"
        externalNativeBuild {
            cmake {
                cppFlags ""
            }
        }
    }
    buildTypes {
        release {
            minifyEnabled false
            proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt'), 'proguard-rules.pro'
        }
    }
    externalNativeBuild {
        cmake {
            path "CMakeLists.txt"
        }
    }

    defaultConfig {
        externalNativeBuild {
            cmake {
                targets "mylib", "mybinary"
                arguments "-DANDROID_TOOLCHAIN=clang"
                cFlags "-DTEST_C_FLAG1", "-DTEST_C_FLAG2"
                cppFlags "-DTEST_CPP_FLAG2", "-DTEST_CPP_FLAG2"
                abiFilters 'armeabi', 'armeabi-v7a', 'x86', 'x86_64'
            }
        }
    }
}

dependencies {
    compile fileTree(include: ['*.jar'], dir: 'libs')
    androidTestCompile('com.android.support.test.espresso:espresso-core:2.2.2', {
        exclude group: 'com.android.support', module: 'support-annotations'
    })
    testCompile 'junit:junit:4.12'
    compile 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:25.0.0'
    compile 'com.android.support:design:25.0.0'
    compile 'com.android.support:recyclerview-v7:25.0.0'
    compile 'com.android.support:cardview-v7:25.0.0'
    compile 'eu.chainfire:libsuperuser:1.0.0.201607041850'
}
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