Miguel Febres Miguel Febres - 1 month ago 9
Python Question

Django, filter by specified month and year in date range

I have the following models

class Destination_Deal(models.Model):
name = models.CharField(_("Nombre"),max_length=200)

class Departure_Date(models.Model):
date_from= models.DateField(_('Desde'))
date_to= models.DateField(_('Hasta'))
destination_deal = models.ForeignKey(Destination_Deal,verbose_name = _("Oferta de Destino"))


This is the actual data in the table departure_date

id date_from date_to destination_deal_id
1 2012-11-01 2013-03-17 1
2 2012-11-01 2012-12-16 2
3 2012-09-16 2012-10-31 3
4 2012-11-01 2012-12-16 3
5 2013-01-04 2013-01-11 4


I would like to filter the Destination_Deals if a specified month&year is between date_from and date_to.

Example 1


Month: September (09)

Year: 2012



Wanted departure dates result:

ID 3 : It is the only data range that touch 09/2012

Example 2


Month: February (02)

Year: 2013



Wanted departure dates result:

ID 1 : 02/2012 is before 03/2012


So, the day actually is does not matter. If the month&year is between date_from and date_to, even if it is by one day it must be filter.

I think I must use something like this but I am not sure how to do it.

Thanks in advance!
Miguel

---Edit---

This is the test for the answer from Aamir Adnan but it is not working as I expected as ID 1 must be also returned because it goes from November 2012 to March 2013, so January 2013 is between.


Departure_Date.objects.all()
[<Departure_Date: id: 1 - from: 2012-11-01 - to: 2013-03-17>,
<Departure_Date: id: 2 - from: 2012-11-01 - to: 2012-12-16>,
<Departure_Date: id: 3 - from: 2012-09-16 - to: 2012-10-31>,
<Departure_Date: id: 4 - from: 2012-11-01 - to: 2012-12-16>,
<Departure_Date: id: 5 - from: 2013-01-04 - to: 2013-01-11>]


month:1
year:2013
where = '%(year)s >= YEAR(date_from) AND %(month)s >= MONTH(date_from) \
AND %(year)s <= YEAR(date_to) AND %(month)s <= MONTH(date_to)' % \
{'year': year, 'month': month}
Departure_Date.objects.extra(where=[where])
[<Departure_Date: id: 5 - from: 2013-01-04 - to: 2013-01-11>]

Answer

Check the documentation

year = 2012
month = 09
Departure_Date.objects.filter(date_from__year__gte=year,
                              date_from__month__gte=month,
                              date_to__year__lte=year,
                              date_to__month__lte=month)

Alternative method using .extra:

where = '%(year)s >= YEAR(date_from) AND %(month)s >= MONTH(date_from) \
        AND %(year)s <= YEAR(date_to) AND %(month)s <= MONTH(date_to)' % \
        {'year': year, 'month': month}
Departure_Date.objects.extra(where=[where])

There is a specific case where above query does not yield a desired result.

For example:

date_from='2012-11-01'
date_to='2013-03-17'
and input is
year=2013
month=1

Then %(month)s >= MONTH(date_from) condition is wrong because month 1 is < month 11 in date_from but year is different so MySQL IF condition is required here:

where = '%(year)s >= YEAR(date_from) AND IF(%(year)s > YEAR(date_from), \
     IF(%(month)s > MONTH(date_from), %(month)s >= MONTH(date_from), %(month)s < MONTH(date_from)), \
     IF(%(month)s < MONTH(date_from), %(month)s < MONTH(date_from), %(month)s >= MONTH(date_from))) \
     AND %(year)s <= YEAR(date_to) \
     AND %(month)s <= MONTH(date_to)' % \
     {'year': year, 'month': month}
Departure_Date.objects.extra(where=[where])